BCE to The Suffragettes
1642, France – Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq Mars is beheaded for treason at Lyon. Cardinal Richelieu introduced King Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643) to the marquis. Louis took him as his lover. The Marquis plotted against the king and was executed when the king discovered his plans. Louis XIII was married Anne of Austria, daughter of Philip III of Spain. There is no evidence that Louis kept mistresses (a distinction that earned him the title “Louis the Chaste“), but persistent rumours insinuated that he may have been homosexual or at least bisexual. His interests as a teenager increasingly focused on his male courtiers, and he quickly developed an intense emotional attachment to his favourite, Charles d’Albert, although there is no clear evidence of a physical sexual relationship. Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, drawing from rumours told to him by a critic of the King (the Marquise de Rambouillet), explicitly speculated in his Historiettes about what happened in the king’s bed. A further liaison with an equerry, François de Baradas, ended when the latter lost favour fighting a duel after duelling had been forbidden by royal decree. Louis XIII was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown. Shortly before his ninth birthday, Louis became king of France and Navarre after his father Henry IV was assassinated. His mother, Marie de’ Medici, acted as regent during his minority.
1833: London –Captain Nicholas Nicholls, 50, is sentenced to death on a charge of sodomy. A newspaper said, “Captain Henry Nicholas Nicholls, who was one of the unnatural gang to which the late Captain Beauclerk belonged, (and which latter gentleman put an end to his existence), was convicted on the clearest evidence at Croydon, on Saturday last, of the capital offence of Sodomy; the prisoner was perfectly calm and unmoved throughout the trial, and even when sentence of death was passed upon him.” His sentence is protested by the anonymous poet who is writing Don Leon, purportedly an autobiographical poem by Lord Byron but actually by some contemporary who is remarkably familiar with the late poet’s love life. Don Leon is not only one of the earliest works of protest against the persecution of same-sex love; it is also cited as evidence of an emerging identity constructed around the “inborn passions” of men whose “predilection is for males”:
08-12-1859 – 03-28-1929 Katharine Lee Bates – Born in Falmouth, Massachusetts. She was an American songwriter and professor of English literature at Wellesley College.
She lived in Wellesley with Katharine Corman, a history and political economy teacher and founder of the Wellesley Economics department. The couple lived together for twenty-five years until Corman’s death in 1915.
She is remembered as the author of the words to the anthem “America the Beautiful“. She had graduated from Wellesley then became a professor there. Bates was a prolific author of many volumes of poetry, travel books, and children’s books. She popularized Mrs. Claus in her poem Goody Santa Claus on a Sleigh Ride from the collection Sunshine and other Verses for Children (1889). Bates never married. In 1910, when a colleague described “free-flying spinsters” as “fringe on the garment of life”, Bates answered: “I always thought the fringe had the best of it. I don’t think I mind not being woven in.” Bates lived in Wellesley with Katharine Coman, who was a history and political economy teacher and founder of the Wellesley College School Economics department. The pair lived together for twenty-five years until Coman’s death in 1915. Bates was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. In 2012, she was named by Equality Forum as one of their 31 Icons of the 2015 LGBT History Month.
08-12-1867 – 05-31-1963 Edith Hamilton – Born in Dresden, North German
Confederation (now Germany) to American parents. She was an American educator and internationally-known for her first book, The Greek Way, published in 1930 when she was sixty-two. It was an immediate success. Her other books include The Roman Way (1932), The Prophets of Israel (1936), Mythology (1942) and The Echo of Greece (1957). At the age of twenty-nine, Edith Hamilton became the first headmistress of The Bryn Mawr School. She retired after twenty-six years and spent the winter in her home in Mount Desert Island, Maine with Doris Fielding Reid, who became her life partner. In 1924, the couple moved to New York City, where they remained until 1943. They then moved to Washington, D.C.
Hamilton considered the high point of her life to be a trip to Athens in 1957, at the age of ninety to hear her translation of Aeschylus’s Prometheus performed at the ancient Odeon theater of Herodes Atticus. King Paul of Greece awarded her the Golden Cross of the order of Benefaction, Greece’s highest honor, and the mayor of Athens made her an honorary citizen. Hamilton died three months before her ninety-sixth birthday. Four years after her death, Doris Fielding Reid published Edith Hamilton: An Intimate Portrait. Reid died on January 15, 1973. Both women are buried at Cove Cemetery in Hadlyme, Connecticut.
08-12-1880 – 10-07-1943 Radclyffe Hall – Born in Bournemouth, England. She was an English poet and author, best known for the novel The Well of Loneliness. The novel has become a groundbreaking work in lesbian literature. Hall was a lesbian and spent much of her twenties pursuing women she eventually lost to marriage.
In 1907 at the Homburg spa in Germany, she met Mabel Batten, a well-known amateur singer of German romantic songs. Batten was 51 to Hall’s 27 and was married with an adult daughter and grandchildren. They fell in love and when Batten’s husband died, they set up residence together. In 1915 Hall fell in love with Mabel Batten’s cousin Una Troubridge (1887-1963), a sculptor who was the wife of Vice-Admiral Ernest Troubridge, and the mother of a young daughter. Batten died in 1916, and in 1917 Hall and Una Troubridge began living together. The relationship would last until Hall’s death in 1943.
08-12-1907 – 01-18-1960 Gladys Bentley – Born in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. She was an American blues singer during the Harlem Renaissance. She moved to New York at the age of 16. Her career as a performer skyrocketed when she appeared at Harry Hansberry’s Clam House on 133rd Street, one of New York City’s most notorious gay speakeasies, in the 1920s. Bentley was a lesbian, cross-dressing performer. In the early 1930s, she headlined at Harlem’s Ubangi Club, where she was backed by a chorus of drag queens. She dressed in men’s clothes, played the piano, and sang her own raunchy lyrics to popular tunes of the day while flirting outrageously with women in the audience. Bentley was openly lesbian (a “bulldagger” in the parlance of the day) and even once told a gossip columnist she had married a woman. Bentley said that her first marriage was to a white woman in New York, whose identity remains unknown. When she relocated to Los Angeles, she married J. T. Gipson, who died in 1952, the same year in which she married Charles Roberts, a cook in Los Angeles; they were married in Santa Barbara, California, went on a honeymoon in Mexico, and had a five-month-long courtship before their divorce. Roberts denied ever marrying her. Bentley died of pneumonia in Los Angeles in 1960, aged 52.
The Irving Berlin song “That International Rag” is copyrighted.
08-12-1928 – 02-02-2021 Maureen Colquhoun – Born in England (exact place unknown). She was a British economist and Labour Party politician. She
served as a councilor in West Sussex from 1971-1974 until she was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Northampton North in 1974. At the 1979 general election, she lost her seat to a Conservative. Following her defeat, she returned to the House of Commons where she worked as an assistant to Labour MPs. She was elected to Hackney London Borough Council in 1982-1990. Colquhoun was Britain’s first openly lesbian MP. She published an autobiography Woman in the House (1980).
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
08-12-1942 Reverend Dr. Jane (Janie) Spahr – Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She is a retired minister that married more than a dozen same-sex marriages when such unions were legal in
California. She was put on trial by the Presbyterian Church and found guilty of violating the Presbyterian constitution and her ordination vows for performing those ceremonies. Days after President Obama announced support for same-sex marriage, the Presbyterian Church’s Northern California governing body refused to rebuke her for performing same-sex weddings. The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) voted 74-18 in favor of same-sex weddings. Rev. Spahr said, “To turn my back on the love and lifelong commitments of these wonderful couples would have gone against my faith, the ministry where I was called, and most of all, against God’s amazing hospitality and welcome, where love and justice meet together.” She describes herself as a lesbian, feminist, and a Presbyterian minister committed to justice issues for the LGBT community.
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
1968: The North American Conference of Homophile Organizations, nicknamed NACHO, made up of delegates from 26 groups, convenes in Chicago to discuss goals and strategy for the next five days. Although delegates fail to form a unified national organization, they pass a five-point “Homosexual Bill of Rights” and resolve to make “Gay Is Good” the slogan of the movement.
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
August 12, 1970
Janis Joplin performs her final concert at Harvard Stadium to a packed house of 10,000. She would die of a drug overdose less than two months later.
1977 – The Fraternal Order of Police in Rhode Island pass a resolution discouraging the hiring of lesbian or gay police officers.
August 12-16, 1979 – An Ontario government administrative tribunal holds hearings to determine whether gay group home Tri-Aid should be licensed in order to quality for government funding and referrals. No gay group home has been licensed to this point.
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
90s: Slurs Reclaimed: Act Up! Lesbian Avengers and Queer Nation
Sharon McCracken becomes the first openly lesbian person to be licensed as a foster parent in Florida.
Composer John Cage dies of a stroke at age 79 in Manhattan, New York.
Blogger Nina Notes: Cage is kept alive artificially at universities for his revolutionary work in music/performance.
art and audience
08-12-1992 Cara Delevingne – Born in Hammersmith, London, United Kingdom. She is an
English model and actress. Delevingne won the “Model of the Year” awards at the British Fashion Awards in 2012 and 2014. Her first major acting role was a Margo Roth Spiegelman in the romantic mystery film Paper Towns (2015). She has designed two fashion collections for DKNY and Mulberry. Delevingne is openly bisexual. In June 2015, she confirmed she was in a relationship with American musician Annie Clark, best known by her stage name St. Vincent. In September 2016, the two had separated.
The Kansas City, Missouri City Council votes 11-1 to approve a hate crimes bill that includes anti-gay crimes.
Federal district court judge William Bassler of Newark, New Jersey rejects a challenge to the state gay rights law.
Woodstock ’94 opened in Saugerties, NY. The opening was on the 25th anniversary of the Woodstock Music and Art Fair.
Melissa Etheridge performed
1996 – After contracting HIV from her second husband, she became an outspoken HIV/AIDS-activist for the prevention, education and for the compassionate treatment of people with HIV and AIDS and is particularly noted for speeches before two Republican Conventions: Houston in 1992 and San Diego in 1996. Mary Fisher (born April 6, 1948) addresses the Republican convention in San Diego to remind them that AIDS is caused by infection, not immorality. She is an American political activist, artist and author. After contracting HIV from her second husband, she has become an outspoken HIV/AIDS activist for the prevention, education and for the compassionate treatment of people with HIV and AIDS. She is particularly noted for speeches before two Republican Conventions: Houston in 1992 and San Diego in 1996. The 1992 speech has been hailed as “one of the best American speeches of the 20th Century.” She is founder of a non-profit organization to fund HIV/AIDS research and education, the Mary Fisher Clinical AIDS Research and Education (CARE) Fund. Since May 2006, she has been a global emissary for the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
Backstreet Boys issue their self-titled debut album in America, where it goes on to sell over 14 million copies. The album was released to international markets a year earlier.
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
In a 5–2 vote, the Supreme Court of California voids the almost 4,000 same-sex marriages performed in San Francisco between February 12 and March 11 after another, unanimous decision that the city’s officials overstepped their legal rights in ignoring state laws in issuing marriages licenses to same-sex couples.
“I am a gay American” New Jersey Gov. James E. McGreevey (born August 6, 1957) tells a news conference that he is gay and that he appointed his lover to a high government office for which he was not qualified. He said he would resign from office
2005, Japan – Kanako Otsuji (December 16, 1974), an assemblywoman, is the first politician to come out in Japan. She is a Japanese LGBT rights activist and former member of the House of Councilors of the National Diet of Japan. She was also a member of the Osaka Prefectural Assembly (April 2003–April 2007). One of only seven women in the 110-member Osaka Assembly, Otsuji represented the Sakai-ku, Sakai City constituency. In May 2013, after her party member of the House resigned, Otsuji became the nation’s first openly homosexual member of the Diet, but her term in office expired in July.
2009 – Harvey Milk (May 22, 1930 – November 27, 1978) is posthumously awarded the Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, by President Barack Obama. Harvey Milk was an American politician and the first openly gay elected official in the history of California, where he was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. Despite being the most pro-LGBT politician in the United States at the time, politics and activism were not his early interests; he was neither open about his sexuality nor civically active until he was 40, after his experiences in the counterculture movement of the 1960s. He and San Francisco Mayor Mascone were assassinated on Nov. 27, 1978. In July 2016, US Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus named the second ship of the Military Sealift Command‘s John Lewis-class oilers, USNS Harvey Milk
Unnamed Common Oppressor VS: Heterosexual women VS Trans vs LGB/
The London 2012 Olympics ended with a spectacular musical closing ceremony. The three-hour show featured some of the biggest names of British music from decades past, including the Spice Girls, George Michael, The Who, Take That, Muse, Jessie J, Emeli Sande, Elbow, Madness, The Pet Shop Boys, One Direction, Ray Davies, Liam Gallagher, and Brian May and Roger Taylor from Queen.
Uganda – First Pride parade is held. The Grand Marshall is Maurice Tomlinson (born 1971), an LGBT activist from Jamaica. Police raid the event and detain participants but they are released without charges. Tomlinson is a Jamaican Attorney-at-Law and law lecturer. He has been a leading Gay Rights and HIV activist in the Caribbean for over 20 years and is one of the only Jamaican LGBTI human rights advocates to challenge the country’s 1864 British colonially imposed anti gay Sodomy Law (known as the Buggery Law). This law predominantly affects men who have sex with men (MSM) and carries a jail sentence of up to ten years imprisonment with hard labour. Maurice was married to his best female friend in 1999 in an attempt to “cure” his homosexuality. The couple divorced 4 years later and they have one son who now lives with his mother.He now teaches Canadian Human Rights and other law courses at the University of Ontario Institute of Technologyin Oshawa, Canada and is also a Senior Policy Analyst for the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, where he focuses on challenging homophobia and HIV in the Caribbean. In 2013, Maurice became a founding member of Dwayne’s House, Jamaica’s first charity which focuses exclusively on providing food and basic services to homeless LGBTI youth who have been forced to live in the sewers of the capital, Kingston. In December 2011, Maurice was awarded the inaugural “David Kato Vision and Voice Award” which was created to honor the memory of slain Ugandan LGBTI activist, David Kato(c. 1964 – 26 January 2011) who was was a Ugandan teacher and LGBT rights activist, considered a father of Uganda’s gay rights movementand described as “Uganda’s first openly gay man”. He served as advocacy officer for Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG). Kato was murdered in 2011 allegedly by a male sex worker, shortly after winning a lawsuit against a magazine which had published his name and photograph identifying him as gay and calling for him to be executed.
Lauren Bacall, the last living film star mentioned in Madonna’s song “Vogue,” dies at age 89.
In a directive by Israeli Interior Minister Gideon Saar, immigration authorities are not to differentiate between married gay and straight couples.
Today in LGBT History – AUGUST 12 · 1642, France – · 1859 – Lesbian · 1880, UK – Radclyffe Hall (August 12, 1880 – October 7, 1943) is born in Bournemouth, England …
Today in LGBT History – August 12 – Ronni Sanlohttps://ronnisanlo.com › today-in-lgbt-history-august-12Aug 12, 2017 — 1859 – Lesbian Katharine Lee Bates, (August 12, 1859 – March 28, 1929), an American songwriter, is born. She is remembered as the author of the …
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
To Each Decade it’s Age of Understanding, do not under consider differing geographies, nor the heterosexual clash of cultures – in particular – do not read backwards the words of humans now to earlier ages, to each own expression in culture and under legal conditions; and to all biology applies, regardless of what humans think is understood, rather than told, the why and when.
Sex the act of; is central to religion, war – who gets to what to who- vs which has had a no.
Understood as noting to be debated, quibbled nor negotiated.
Both in personal lives, in public and the workplaces, which were gender divided owing to sexual roles, across cultures and times.
music and movie information from my previous blog
where I note, The Last Elvis Secret given what the Memphis Mafia wrote about Presley Parties, the only thing not officially and rarely luridly written about was the balance of probability Elvis Presley was bisexual, and was described by heterosexual men as being so attractive as to raise a question – including Jerry Reed, writer and performer. And given Larry Geller’s descriptions of being accused by other Memphis Mafia members of being gay with Elvis during the private hair cut sessions -rather makes it seem the Memphis Mafia were jealous, and with Larry having to point out that were they admitting Elvis was bisexual?
As if Geller, a Hollywood hairdress would have a problem and his challenge back to those accusers was were they admitting Elvis was bisexual with the accusation? the last Elvis secret, along with the suicide note left in 1977, all swore to not reveal.
And each Memphis Mafia Member book was all about the orgies and parties Elvis made them attend, as if that was not why they were his friends acquired over time, to Red West, who saved Elvis from high school bathroom beatings and haircuts.
from my original blog:
With the new theatric Biopic that will reveal Elvis’ self harm in both diet and injuries as a pretense to get cancer level drugs from doctors and dentists and anyone who would administer anything, including an induced week long coma for weight loss in Vegas, known to any Elvis fan who read:
the Darkest Elvis Secret was said by his StepMom on National USA tv. That one can be famous and rich and be depressed, connects to why western nations have the highest suicide rates: direct/obvious and passive. In 2017 it was revealed Elvis Presley left a suicide note, and that was why the life insurance policy was never cashed.
It is important to note that the majority of sexual predators and murderers are males who victimize: pick the most inclusive or the most diverse statement of victim categories:
A) women and other men
B) men and women
C) heterosexual men, heterosexual women and LGBTQ2
D) heterosexual men, heterosexual women, gay/bisexual men, bisexual women, lesbians and NB/Transpersons
now factor in how to phrase that sentence and include 1 ethnicity 2 disability – physical of body and/or of the brain and persons without religion/spirituality
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.
the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.
There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.
Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.
the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.