Before the 1900s to The Suffragettes
1857, UK – The word gay, which appears in a pictured cartoon in Punch magazine, is used to refer to prostitution. It arrived in English during the 12th century from Old French gai, most likely deriving ultimately from a Germanicsource. In English, the word’s primary meaning was “joyful”, “carefree”, “bright” and “showy”, and the word was very commonly used with this meaning in speech and literature. For example, the optimistic 1890s are still often referred to as the Gay Nineties. The title of the 1938 French ballet Gaîté Parisienne (“Parisian Gaiety”), which became the 1941 Warner Brothers movie, The Gay Parisian,also illustrates this connotation. It was apparently not until the 20th century that the word was used to mean specifically “homosexual,” although it had earlier acquired sexual connotations.The word may have started to acquire associations of immorality as early as the 14th century, but had certainly acquired them by the 17th. By the late 17th century it had acquired the specific meaning of “addicted to pleasures and dissipations”,an extension of its primary meaning of “carefree” implying “uninhibited by moral constraints”. A gay woman was a prostitute, a gay man a womanizer, and a gay house a brothel.The use of gay to mean “homosexual” was often an extension of its application to prostitution: a gay boy was a young man or boy serving male clients.Similarly, a gay cat was a young male apprenticed to an older hobo, commonly exchanging sex and other services for protection and tutelage.The application to homosexuality was also an extension of the word’s sexualized connotation of “carefree and uninhibited”, which implied a willingness to disregard conventional or respectable sexual mores. Such usage, documented as early as the 1920s, was likely present before the 20th century,although it was initially more commonly used to imply heterosexually unconstrained lifestyles, as in the once-common phrase “gay Lothario.” A passage from Gertrude Stein‘s Miss Furr & Miss Skeene (1922) is possibly the first traceable published use of the word to refer to a homosexual relationship. Bringing Up Baby (1938) was the first film to use the word gay in apparent reference to homosexuality. By the mid-20th century, gay was well established in reference to hedonistic and uninhibited lifestylesand its antonym straight, which had long had connotations of seriousness, respectability, and conventionality, had now acquired specific connotations of heterosexuality.In the case of gay, other connotations of frivolousness and showiness in dress (“gay apparel”) led to association with camp and effeminacy. This association no doubt helped the gradual narrowing in scope of the term towards its current dominant meaning, which was at first confined to subcultures. Gay was the preferred term since other terms, such as queer, were felt to be derogatory. Homosexual is perceived as excessively clinical, since the sexual orientation now commonly referred to as “homosexuality” was at that time a mental illness diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The sixties marked the transition in the predominant meaning of the word gayfrom that of “carefree” to the current “homosexual”.
1889 – Film star Maurice Chevalier (September 12, 1888 – January 1, 1972) is born in Paris. He was a French actor, cabaret singer and entertainer. His trademark attire was a boater hat, which he always wore on stage with a tuxedo. He was in a long-term relationship with his valet, Felix Paquet.
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
1946 – Minnie Bruce Pratt (born September 12, 1946 in Selma, Alabama) is anAmericaneducator, activist and essayist. She is a professor of Writing and Women’s Studies at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York, where she was invited to help develop the university’s first Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender Study Program. In 1977, Pratt helped found WomonWrites, a Southeastern lesbian writers conference. Pratt lives in Syracuse, New York. She is the widow of author and activist Leslie Feinberg, who died in November 2014. Feinberg and Pratt married in New York and Massachusetts in 2011.
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
1964 – Chip Kidd (born September 12, 1964) is born. He is an author, editor, and graphic designer, and is s best known for the iconic covers of the novels Jurassic Park and Batman: Black and White.
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
“Lola,” the Kinks song about transvestism, enters the Billboard Top 40 where it stays for 12 weeks.
Anne Murray made it three weeks at #1 on the Easy Listening chart with her first hit “Snowbird”.
Joan Baez performed, along with Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger and Arlo Guthrie at the Woody Guthrie Memorial Concert held at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, California.
Gary Numan had the #1 song in the U.K. with “Cars”. He was followed by Cliff Richard and “We Don’t Talk Anymore”, the Crusaders with “Street Life”, ELO’s “Don’t Bring Me Down” and Dollar with “Love’s Gotta’ Hold On Me”.
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
In Kansas City, Queen performed at Kemper Arena.
Reacting to the departure of Johnny Marr earlier in the month, Morrissey left the Smiths to pursue a solo career.
90s: Listserves and Email distribution replaces telephone trees for activism
1992 – American actor Anthony Perkins (April 4, 1932 – September 12, 1992), known for his role as Norman Bates in the Psycho movies, dies from AIDS-related complications. He had exclusively same-sex relationships until his late 30s, including with actors Rock Hudson(November 17, 1925 – October 2, 1985) and Tab Hunter(July 11, 1931 – July 8, 2018); artist Christopher Makos((born 1948); dancer Rudolf Nureyev(17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993); composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim(March 22, 1930); and dancer-choreographer Grover Dale(born July 22, 1935). Perkins has been described as one of the two great men in the life of French songwriter Patrick Loiseau(June 8, 1949).
Post 9/11 – From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
Olivia Newton-John joined Neil Finn of Split Enz and Crowded House and Daniel Johns of Silverchair in a PETA protest against the ritual torture of elephants in Thailand.
Lisa Marie Presley performed on “The Ellen Degeneres Show.”
The Pet Shop Boys performed a soundtrack composed for the Russian movie Battleship Potemkin in Trafalgar Square in London.
2017 – Edie Windsor (June 20, 1929 – September 12, 2017) dies. She was an LGBT rightsactivist and a former technology manager at IBM. She was the lead plaintiff in the Supreme Court case United States v. Windsor, which successfully overturned Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act and was considered a landmark legal victory for the same-sex marriage movement in the United States. Windsor met Thea Spyer, a psychologist, in 1963 at Portofino, a restaurant in Greenwich Village. In 1967, Spyer asked Windsor to marry, although it was not yet legal anywhere in the United States. In 1977, Spyer was diagnosed with progressive multiple sclerosis. The disease caused a gradual, but ever-increasing paralysis. Windsor used her early retirement to become a full-time caregiver for Spyer. Windsor and Spyer entered a domestic partnership in New York City in 1993. Registering on the first available day, they were issued certificate number eighty. Spyer suffered a heart attack in 2002 and was diagnosed with aortic stenosis. In 2007, her doctors told her she had less than a year to live. New York had not yet legalized same-sex marriage, so the couple married in Toronto, Canada on May 22, 2007, with Canada’s first openly gay judge, Justice Harvey Brownstonepresiding. An announcement of their wedding was published in the New York Times. Spyer died from complications related to her heart condition on February 5, 2009. On September 26, 2016, Windsor married Judith Kasen at New York City Hall. At the time of the wedding, Windsor was age 87 and Kasen was age 51. Her courage granted same-sex married couples federal recognition of our marriages and removed remaining state barriers to marriage equality. Edie led her fight with dignity and grace and those of us who are beneficiaries of her fight are forever touched by her and left with a little hole in our hearts. United States v. Windsor, 570 U.S. ___ (2013) (Docket No. 12-307), is a landmark civil rights case in which the United States Supreme Court held that restricting U.S. federal interpretation of “marriage” and “spouse” to apply only to opposite-sex unions, by Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), is unconstitutional under the Due Process Clauseof the Fifth Amendment. In the majority opinion, Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote: “The federal statute is invalid, for no legitimate purpose overcomes the purpose and effect to disparage and to injure those whom the State, by its marriage laws, sought to protect in personhood and dignity.”
https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/massimadi-en-rue-festival-1.6173004Outdoor edition of Afro-queer film festival brings live performances, screenings to Little Burgundy | CBC NewsNormally a winter festival that takes place during Black History Month, Massimadi Montréal is taking to the streets this weekend and next to bring live performances and film screenings to Little Burgundy.www.cbc.ca
https://www.wweek.com/culture/2021/09/12/from-the-archive-red-white-and-queer/From the Archives: Red, White and Queerwww.wweek.com
https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2021/09/12/dominic-clarke-gay-olympics-trampoline-gymnastics/Gay Olympic hero shares ‘isolating, embarrassing’ story to inspire queer kidsGay Olympic gymnast Dominic Clarke has opened up about his struggle to come out as an athlete: “It was isolating and embarrassing.”www.pinknews.co.uk
https://www.timesnownews.com/health/article/bisexual-adults-twice-as-likely-as-heterosexual-population-to-develop-asthma-study/810886Bisexual adults twice as likely as heterosexual population to develop asthma: Study | Health Tips and Newswww.timesnownews.com
https://www.nbcnews.com/nbc-out/out-news/saint-911-hero-flight-93-lived-different-lives-share-legacy-death-rcna1979‘Saint of 9/11’ and ‘Hero of Flight 93’: They lived very different lives but share a legacy in deathTwo gay men, Mark Bingham and the Rev. Mychal Judge, are remembered as heroes for their acts on Sept. 11, 2001.www.nbcnews.com
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9981381/Villagers-campaigning-against-gay-sex-parties-accused-hate-crimes-against-transgender-owner.htmlVillagers campaigning against gay sex parties accused of ‘hate crimes’ against transgender owner | Daily Mail OnlineThe men-only gatherings have been held twice a month for nearly three years at the former Old Hall Inn in Sea Palling, Norfolk.www.dailymail.co.uk
https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2021/09/11/sandi-toksvig-lesbian-laser-qi/Sandi Toksvig collapses into laughter over hilarious ‘lesbians’ QI mix-upLGBT+ icon Sandi Toksvig tried valiantly to hold laughter over a contestant hilariously mishearing the words lesbian and laser beams on QI.www.pinknews.co.uk
https://www.cincinnati.com/story/opinion/2021/09/12/opinion-pass-equality-act-give-lgbtq-ohioans-future-they-deserve/5759600001/Opinion: Pass Equality Act, give LGBTQ Ohioans the future they deserveThe Equality Act would modernize and improve our nation’s civil rights laws by including explicit, permanent protections for LGBTQ people.www.cincinnati.com
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/clarissajanlim/twitch-suing-users-hate-raids-black-lgbtq-streamersTwitch Sues Over “Hate Raids” Harassment Of POC, LGBTQ StreamersThe lawsuit alleges that the users bombarded streamers with a torrent of racist, sexist, anti-gay content, and kept creating new accounts to avoid being banned.www.buzzfeednews.com
https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/columnists/story/2021-09-12/inclusive-policies-support-services-can-help-close-economic-gaps-for-lgbtq-adultsInclusive policies, support services can help close economic gaps for LGBTQ adults – The San Diego Union-TribuneThe gap in economic inequality appears to be widening for LGBTQ adults during the pandemic; scholars and advocacy experts weigh in on whywww.sandiegouniontribune.com
Today in LGBT History by Ronni Sanlo