LGBTQ2 for February 3

BCE to The Suffragettes

1821 – The first female physician in the U.S., Elizabeth Blackwell (3 February 1821 – 31 May 1910)was born near Bristol, England. As a girl, her family moved to New York State. She was awarded her MD by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, in 1849. She then established a hospital in New York City run by an all-female staff. She was also active in training women to be nurses for service in the U.S. Civil War. She was the first woman to graduate from medical school, a pioneer in promoting the education of women in medicine in the United States, and a social and moral reformer in both the United States and in the United Kingdom. Her sisterEmilywas the third woman in the US to get a medical degree. None of the five Blackwell sisters ever married. Since 1949, the American Medical Women’s Association has awarded the Elizabeth Blackwell Medal annually to a woman physician. The Judy Chicago artwork The Dinner Party features a place setting for Elizabeth Blackwell.

1874 – Lesbian writer Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. She was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector. Multifaceted, complicated, and impenetrable, Stein was like the cubist paintings she admired so much. She once summed up her long life with partner Alice B. Toklas  (April 30, 1877 – March 7, 1967) by writing “I love my love because she is peculiar.”

 Stein moved to Paris in 1903, making France her home for the remainder of her life. A literary innovator and pioneer of Modernist literature, Stein’s work broke with the narrative, linear, and temporal conventions of the 19th-century. She was also known as a collector of Modernist art. In 1933, Stein published a kind of memoir of her Paris years, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, written in the voice of Toklas, her life partner. The book became a literary bestseller and brought Stein into the light of mainstream attention. She met Alice B. Toklas on September 8, 1907, on Toklas’s first day in Paris, at Michael and Sarah Stein’s apartment. In the 1980’s, a cabinet in the Yale University Beinecke Library, which had been locked for an indeterminate number of 

gertrude-stein-alice-b-toklas

years was opened and found to contain some 300 love letters written by Stein and Toklas. Stein is the author of one of the earliest coming out stories (published in 1950 as Things as They Are), written in 1903 and suppressed by the author. Her essay Miss Furr and Miss Skeene (written 1909-1911, published 1922) is one of the first homosexual revelation stories to be published. The work contains the word “gay” over one hundred times, perhaps the first published use of the word “gay” in reference to same-sex relationships, uniformed readers missed the homosexual content.

1913 – The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, granting Congress the authority to collect income taxes.

LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes: How much have non-heterosexuals paid in taxes without full civil rights?

02-03-1927 Kenneth Anger – Born in Santa Monica, California. He is an American 

kenneth-anger

actor, filmmaker, and writer. Working exclusively in short films, he has produced almost 40 works since 1937, nine of which have been grouped together as The Magick Lantern Cycle, and form the basis of Anger’s reputation as one of the most influential independent filmmakers in cinema history. His films merge surrealism, homoeroticism, and the occult. He is one of America’s first openly gay filmmakers.

1938 – Jonathan Ned Katz (born Feb. 3, 1938) is an American historian of human sexuality who has written about same-sex attraction and changes in the social organization of sexuality over time. His works focus on the idea, rooted in social constructionism, that the categories with which we describe and define human sexuality are historically and culturally specific, along with the social organization of sexual activity, desire, relationships, and sexual identities. His works include The Invention of Heterosexuality,the Gay/Lesbian Almanac and Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. 

The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code

02-03-1947 Dave Davies – Born in Fortis Green, London, England. He is an English 

singer, songwriter, and guitarist. He is best known as the lead guitarist and sometime lead singer for the English rock group The Kinks. In 2003, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked Davies number 91 in the list of the “100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.” In 1996, Davies published an autobiography, Kink, in which he talked about his brief period of bisexuality in the late 1960s. He had a short-lived relationship with Long John Baldry and music producer Michael Aldred.

1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex

02-03-1953 – 11-02-2013   Betsy Smittle – Born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, she was the older half-sister of Garth Brooks. Smittle sang and played bass 

and toured with Brooks, as well as playing and singing backup on four of his albums. In a 1993 interview with Barbara Walters, Brooks accidentally outed Smittle as being a lesbian. In the interview, Brooks stated, “Where the gay issue has hit me the most is my sister. I’ve lived with that forever. And the thing is, the longer you live with it, the more you realize that it’s just another form of people loving one another.” In 2006, Smittle headlined Oklahoma City’s 19th annual Pride Parade and Festival, performing with he bank Betsy & the Edge. She died of cancer in 2013.

1956 – Nathan Lane (born February 3, 1956) is an American stage, film and television actor and writer. He is known for his roles as Albert in The BirdcageMax Bialystokin the musical The Producers, Ernie Smuntz in Mouse Hunt, Nathan Detroit in Guys and Dolls, Pseudolus in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, his voice work in Stuart Little as Snowbell and The Lion King as Timon, and his recurring roles on Modern FamilyThe Good Wife, and American Crime Story: The People v. O. J. Simpson as F. Lee Bailey. In 2006, Lane received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and in 2008, he was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame. Lane, who came out officially after the death of Matthew Shepard(December 1, 1976 – October 12, 1998), has been a long-time board member of and fundraiser for Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS, and has been honored by the Human Rights CampaignGay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation,The Trevor Project, and the Matthew Shepard Foundation for his work in the LGBTcommunity. On November 17, 2015, Lane married his long-time partner, theater producer, actor and writer Devlin Elliott (born April 13, 1972).

02-03-1958 Lizzie Borden – (born Linda Borden) Born in Detroit, Michigan. She is an American filmmaker best known for the 1983 film Born in Flames. She decided to 

lizzie-borden-linda

changed her name to Lizzie Borden after the accused 1890s Massachusetts double murderer Lizzie Borden at the age of eleven.

Borden said, “At the time, my name was the best rebellion I could make.” Borden identifies as bisexual.

02-03-1959 Paul Babeu – Born in North Adams, Massachusetts. Elected sheriff of Pinal County, Arizona. On February 18, 2012, he came out as gay after allegations surfaced that 

paul-babeu

he had threatened a Mexican ex-boyfriend with deportation to guarantee his silence. Babeu stepped down as co-chair of Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign in Arizona, but received continued support of U.S. Senator John McCain, who called Babeu his friend. On August 31, 2012, the Arizona Solicitor General exonerated Babeu after an investigation. In 2011, he was selected by the National Sheriff’s Association as “Sheriff of the Year.” He also served for over 20 years in the Army National Guard, entering as a Private and retiring as a Major.

The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30

1960

The USA Military Report written on February 31960, by Major Warren H. Metzner, chief of the Army’s Investigations Branch, regarding Quack Skin Doctor Griessel-Landau who further threatened to expose Presley after the doctor’s sexual advances were rejected.

Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights

February 3, 1973Elton John started a three-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with ‘Crocodile Rock’. Elton’s first of five US No.1 singles.

February 3, 1977

Elton John did a concert in Sweden, 15 months after saying he would not perform live again.

1978,

Canada – In Toronto, the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church of Canada affirmed that gay people “are entitled to equal protection under the law with all other Canadian citizens.” 

The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list

02-03-1981 Jose Antonio Vargas – Born in Antipolo, Philippines. He is a Filipino 

jose-antonio-vargas

journalist living and working in the United States and a Pulitzer Prize winner. At the age of 12, he found out he was an undocumented immigrant. Vargas is the founder of Define America, a nonprofit organization to open up dialogue about the criteria people use to determine who is an American. He said: “I am an American. I just don’t have the right papers.” Vargas came out as gay in high school in 1999, a decision he later described as “less daunting than coming out about my legal status.” He is an advocate for the DREAM Act. In July 2015, Vargas directed and starred in a documentary, White People, about the concept of white privilege. The film debuted on MTV.

1988

lianne-sanderson

02-03-1988 Lianne Sanderson – Born in Lewisham, England. She is an English professional soccer player who currently plays for the team Western New York Flash. Sanderson is openly gay. In 2014 she was engaged to then-teammate Joanna Lohman, but the couple later broke up. She is currently dating Sky Blue FC player Ashley Nick.

– Cameron “Butchie” Tanner (died April 21, 1992) was a bartender and drag performer in San Francisco. On this day, he is elected Empress of San Francisco and awarded the Certificate of Honor by the City of San Francisco through the efforts of Supervisor Hongisto. On March 11, 1992, after having seen a movie at a theater in the Latin area below Castro, he was beaten by two thugs with baseball bats. He died from his injuries on April 21, 1992. Although he was not transgender, and it is believed that his killers were not aware that he was gay, he is often included in several transgender memorial lists.

LGBTQ2 blogger Nina Notes: the killers would not care if their victim was gay or trans, but would probably enjoy raping a lesbian more than other women. And that there is an issue within LGBT over which category shows the difference between, eh.

90s: Listserves and Email distribution replaces telephone trees for activism

1990

For the first time ever, the UK Top 3 singles featured non-British and non-American acts. Ireland’s Sinead O’Connor, Australia’s Kylie Minogue and Belgium’s Technotronic. Sinead O’Connor had her first No.1 single with Nothing Compares To U’, a song written by Prince.

1991

Sinead O’Connor announced that she wouldn’t accept any Grammy Awards or attend the ceremony because the show reflects “false and destructive materialistic values.”

1996

On the USA song charts,  “Exhale (Shoop Shoop)” by Whitney Houston was #2 

Deep Blue Something remained in the #7 spot with “Breakfast At Tiffany’s”

02-03-1996 Dutee Chand – Born in Gopalpur, Odisha, India, Chand is from a below 

dutee-chand

poverty line weavers family She is an Indian professional sprinter and current national champion in the women’s 100 meters event. She is one of 49 out LGBT athletes participating in the 2016 Summer Olympics at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”

Human Rights in global conflictTrans/Pans vs LGB/ vs Heterosexual women

2002

Britney Spears performed the national anthem at Super Bowl XXXVI. A Pepsi commercial featuring Britney Spears was premiered during the game.  Paul McCartney & Barry Manilow starred in a pre-game concert

2011 – The National Gay & Lesbian Task Force publishes its report on transgender discrimination, entitled “Injustice at Every Turn: Report on the National Transgender Discrimination Survey.”

LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes: Discrimination from from the public square and not other persons’s lives, Dating is not subject to human rights and is for sexual selection – which. sexual orientation is a protected right and does not form bigotry against heterosexuals or trans persons.

2022

https://southfloridagaynews.com/World/from-france-to-ban-conversion-therapy-to-lgbt-ukrainians-ready-to-defend-if-invaded-this-week-in-int-l-lgbt-news.htmlFrom France to Ban Conversion Therapy to LGBT Ukrainians Ready to Defend if Invaded, This Week in Int’l LGBT News | World | News | SFGN ArticlesSouth Florida Gay News, SFGN, Florida’s largest lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender newspaper.southfloridagaynews.com

religion now arguing for biology…what’s next religion for reproductive rights of women?

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-10470449/Christian-school-DROPS-anti-LGBT-enrolment-contract-demanding-kids-remain-biological-sex.htmlChristian school DROPS anti-LGBT ‘enrolment contract’ demanding kids remain as biological sex | Daily Mail OnlineA controversial enrolment contract that condemned homosexuality and gender identity has been withdrawn by Brisbane’s Citipointe Christian College after a huge backlash.www.dailymail.co.uk

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-10445095/Woman-came-trans-man-transitions-female-six-years-testosterone.htmlWoman who came out as trans man ‘de-transitions’ back to female, after six years of testosterone | Daily Mail OnlineWhen Issa Ismail, from Detroit, was 19, she started transitioning from female to a male by taking testosterone. She took the hormones for six years, but then realized she wasn’t happy as a man.www.dailymail.co.uk

https://www.outsports.com/olympics/2022/2/2/22915347/olympics-curling-bruce-mouat-gay-great-britain-scotland-beijing-jennifer-doddsGay British curler Bruce Mouat scores Team LGBTQ’s first Olympics win – OutsportsMouat and Mixed Curling partner Jennifer Dodds defeat Sweden in the opening match of the Beijing Games.www.outsports.com

being excluded until needed to save heteros is not really inclusion

https://www.newscentermaine.com/article/life/gay-bisexual-men-face-hurdles-when-it-comes-to-donating-blood-amid-a-national-shortage/97-1458d7da-cdbe-4be8-aa6f-162c7c3a5cf8Gay, bisexual men in Maine face hurdles donating blood | newscentermaine.comUnder FDA policy, men who have sex with men must remain celibate for three months before donating blood.www.newscentermaine.com

https://washingtoncitypaper.com/article/546826/bi-woman-married-straight-man-orgasm-sex/I’m a Bi Woman Married to a Straight Man. I Can’t Come from Straight SexI’m a bi woman married to a straight man. Is it fucked up that I have to think about something else to orgasm when I’m with a man?washingtoncitypaper.com

https://www.polygon.com/22911912/bisexual-movies-canonThe bisexual movie canon: From Thor: Ragnarok to The Mummy – PolygonFrom Ben-Hur’s coded characters to drama draped in bi lighting, bisexual film fans are writing their own list of great bi movies until Hollywood catches up.www.polygon.com

the internet was made to share data and instead it reinforced the worst of heteromale behaviour – there is zero difference between an average man an an internet troll

there is dishing and taking it and then there is the absolute zero sum beyond going to the mattresses to global nuclear warfare over words and phrases

mostly by men who think they define all for everyone

and in this case, it is a man being called out for misused of words and he is not able to take being called out at all

https://torontosun.com/news/local-news/mandel-lesbian-couple-asks-judge-to-throw-out-twitter-libel-case

https://torontosun.com/news/local-news/mandel-lesbian-couple-asks-judge-to-throw-out-twitter-libel-caseMANDEL: Lesbian couple asks judge to throw out Twitter libel case | Toronto SunIn the Wild West of Twitter, if you can dish it out, you should be prepared to take it as well.torontosun.com

https://www.northern-scot.co.uk/news/adam-parliamentary-motion-lauds-scottish-lgbt-history-month-264808/MSP’s parliamentary motion lauds Scottish LGBT History MonthA NORTH-east MSP has lodged a parliamentary motion highlighting that February is LGBT History Month.www.northern-scot.co.uk

“As an Indigenous Two-Spirited gay person living with learning disabilities, it’s always been crucial to me to share who I am and be my authentic self in every facet of my life, including my professional life,” says Granger. “Growing up and even now, I rarely see myself represented in media, in educational circles, or in management roles. For me, it’s so important for our younger generations to see themselves in those areas and in others.

“Young people need to see that they can be successful, no matter who they are or what equity seeking group they may belong to. To be recognized for my passion, my dedication and support for our equity-seeking communities, and for my overall contribution to Cambrian is an absolute honour.”

The Emerging Leader Award recognizes administrators who are newer to management (approximately five years or less) and who are positively influencing the college through their leadership.

https://www.barrietoday.com/local-news/barrie-native-receives-cambrian-colleges-emerging-leader-award-5023661Barrie native receives Cambrian College’s Emerging Leader Award – Barrie News‘As an Indigenous Two-Spirited gay person living with learning disabilities, it’s always been crucial to me to share who I am and be my authentic self in every facet of my life,’ says Bradie Grangerwww.barrietoday.com

cited sources

Today in LGBT History   by Ronni Sanlo

The Lavender Effect

canada pride

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https://lgbtdailyspotlight.com/

people link events link

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Our Daily Elvis

LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:

Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.

the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.

There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.

Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.

the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.

LGBTQ2 for September 18

Before the 1900s to The Suffragettes

1911 – C. E. Frommel, 20, is sentence to prison for sodomy in Washington State. He is from Kittitas County, WA and employed as a steeple jack.

1913 – Edward Sagarin (September 18, 1913 – June 10, 1986), also known by his pen name Donald Webster Cory, was an American professor of sociology and criminology at the City University of New York, and a writer. His book The Homosexual in America: A Subjective Approach, published in 1951, was considered “one of the most influential works in the history of the gay rights movement,” and inspired compassion in others by highlighting the difficulties faced by homosexuals

The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code

1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex

September 18, 1957

A record hop style show called The Big Record premieres on CBS-TV. Hostess Patti Page welcomed her guests, Sal Mineo, Billy Ward And The Dominos and Tony Bennett.

Sal Mineo – Queer Portraits in Historyhttps://www.queerportraits.com › bio › mineoMineo himself was Italian and proud of his heritage, refusing to change his last name like so many other actors of the time did. He was also openly bisexual, …

The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30

September 18, 1960

The Tab Hunter Show premiered on NBC-TV.


Tab Hunter: how Hollywood’s boy next door became a gay iconhttps://www.theguardian.com › film › jul › tab-hunter-…
Jul. 10, 2018 — A blonde, square-jawed and wholesome symbol of mid-century American masculinity, Hunter, born in 1931 as Arthur Gelien, was gay but kept his …

1965

on the usa song charts,  Sonny & Cher’s “I Got You Babe” came in ninth

Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights

1971

Bisexual Joan Baez remained on top of the Easy Listening chart for the third week with “The Night They Drove Ol’ Dixie Down”.

1976

Ally and Icon: Olivia Newton-John set a chart record that still stands when “Don’t Stop Believin’” hit #1 on the Easy Listening chart.  That gave the incredible Australian songstress seven consecutive #1 songs in that format, surpassing the record of six set by fellow Australian Helen Reddy in 1975 and equaled by the Carpenters in 1976.

The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list

1980, Canada – The Toronto Board of Education adopts a policy banning discrimination based on sexual orientation while adding a clause forbidding “proselytizing of homosexuality in the schools.”

1981 – The film Mommie Dearest opens, simultaneously glorifying and condemning gay icon Joan Crawford.

90s: Listserves and Email distribution replaces telephone trees for activism

1993

Garth Brooks went to No.1 on the US album chart with ‘In Pieces’. The album spent 25 weeks on the chart and sold over 6m copies. The album peaked at No.2 on the UK chart.

Garth Brooks’ Out Half Sister and Bandmate Betsy Smittle Dies …https://www.pride.com › box-office › 2013/11/05 › gar…Nov. 5, 2013 — On November 2nd, country music lost one of its outspoken advocates for equality when Betsy Smittle, Garth Brooks out half-sister and long …

on the LP USA Charts,  Whitney Houston’s “The Bodyguard” Soundtrack slipped to #10

1998

 Reba McEntire received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Post 9/11 – From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”

2012 – Berkeley, California becomes what is thought to be the first city in the U.S. to officially proclaim a day recognizing bisexuals. The Berkeley City Council unanimously and without discussion declared Sept. 23 as Bisexual Pride and Bi Visibility Day.

2021

https://www.gaycitynews.com/arrests-made-in-connection-to-fatal-shooting-of-lgbtq-journalist/Men Charged in 2019 Murder of Lesbian Journalist Lyra McKeeTwo men have been arrested and charged in connection to the killing of out lesbian journalist Lyra McKee, who was shot to death while covering a riot in Northern Ireland two years ago. The Police Service of Northern Ireland apprehended the men, ranging from the ages of 19 to 33, on September 15 under the […]www.gaycitynews.com

https://www.euronews.com/2021/09/16/poland-discriminated-against-gay-mother-in-custody-battle-says-european-courtPoland discriminated against gay mother in custody battle, says European court | EuronewsThe European Court of Human Rights said that Poland had discriminated against the mother because of her sexual orientation.www.euronews.com

https://www.advocate.com/news/2021/9/17/coach-fired-being-gay-was-told-hes-danger-kidsCoach Fired for Being Gay Was Told He’s a ‘Danger’ to KidsInoke Tonga, forced out as volleyball coach at a Denver Christian high school, shared his story with Ellen DeGeneres.www.advocate.com

religion is not therapy, religion is why people need therapy

https://www.wionews.com/world/new-zealand-locals-send-record-100000-submissions-to-ban-lgbt-conversion-practices-413343New Zealand locals send record 100,000 submissions to ban LGBT conversion practices, World News | wionews.comNew Zealand is on its way to become the land of conquering impossible, and adding another feather to this cap of victories is its new record against conversion practices.

https://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/sport/football/football-news/scotland-national-team-send-pro-25012832Scotland national team send pro LGBT message as Rachel Corsie dons rainbow armband for Hungary clash – Daily RecordCorsie wore the Pride flag colours for the World Cup qualifier in Budapest after a controversy that arose during Euro 2020.www.dailyrecord.co.uk

https://thecurrentga.org/2021/09/17/justice-department-investigates-georgia-prisons-over-inmate-deaths-lgbt-attacks/Justice Department investigates Georgia prisons over inmate deaths, LGBT attacks – The CurrentDepartment of Justice probe will look at a correctional system where murders and suicides have spiked during the pandemic and examine allegations that staff and inmates repeatedly physically and sexually abuse LGBT inmates.thecurrentga.org

https://www.newsday.com/long-island/lgbt-senior-housing-long-island-1.50364644Locals celebrate opening of LGBT senior housing in Bay Shore | NewsdayResidents have started moving into a new Bay Shore building that community members, elected officials and other advocates celebrated Friday as the nation’s first affordable housing complex for LGBT sewww.newsday.com

Texas always has to do everything more and bigger, eh

https://www.houstonchronicle.com/opinion/outlook/article/Opinion-LGBT-Texans-face-double-the-national-16465204.phpOpinion: LGBT Texans face double the national discrimination rate. Pass the Equality Act.The Equality Act will provide national protections for LGBT people.www.houstonchronicle.com

https://globalnews.ca/news/8200407/anti-gay-street-preacher-assault-vancouver-man/No jail time for anti-gay street preacher who broke Vancouver man’s leg | Globalnews.caDorre Shepherd Love pleaded guilty to assault causing bodily harm and was handed a 12-month conditional discharge on Friday.globalnews.ca

O’Toole’s strategy, which has included disavowing positions held dear by his party’s base on issues such as climate change, guns and balanced budgets, is designed to appeal to a broader cross-section of voters in a country that tends to be far more liberal than its southern neighbor. Whether moderate Canadians believe O’Toole is the progressive conservative he claims and whether it has alienated conservatives have become central questions of the election campaign.

https://www.americamagazine.org/politics-society/2021/09/17/trudeau-otoole-canada-politics-conservative-241460In Canada, a pro-abortion, pro-LGBT Conservative is seeking to unseat Justin Trudeau | America MagazineThe man who could oust Prime Minister Justin Trudeau from power became Conservative Party leader with a pledge to “take back Canada”—and almost immediately started working to modernize the party by pushing it toward the political center.www.americamagazine.org

cited sources

Today in LGBT History – September 18 | Ronni Sanlo

The Lavender Effect

Our Daily Elvis

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