BCE to The Suffragettes
1726, UK – Margaret Clap (died c. 1726) is convicted for of “keeping a disorderly house of the entertainment of sodomites.” Better known as Mother Clap, she was notable for running a molly house, an inn or tavern primarily frequented by homosexual men. She was also heavily involved in the ensuing legal battles after her premises were raided and shut down. Primarily targeted by the Society for the Reformation of Manners, the house had been under surveillance for two years. While not much is known about her life, she was an important part of the gay subculture of early 18th-century England. At the time sodomy in England was a crime under the Buggery Act 1533, punishable by a fine, imprisonment, or the death penalty. Despite this, particularly in larger cities, private homosexual activity took place. To service these actions there existed locations where men from all classes could find partners or just socialize, called molly houses, “molly” being slang for a gay man at the time. One of the most famous of these was Clap’s molly house.
07-23-1816 – 02-18-1876 Charlotte Cushman – Born in Boston, Massachusetts. She was an American stage actress. Her voice was a full contralto range and she was able to play both male and female parts. She lived in Rome intermittently among an expatriate colony of prominent artists and sculptors.
In 1843, she became involved romantically with Rosalie Sully, daughter of artist Thomas Sully. The romance ended in 1844. Cushman met journalist, writer, and part-time actress Matilda Hays. For the next ten years, the two would be together constantly. They became known for dressing alike, and in Europe were publicly known as a couple. After they parted, she had many other affairs with women. Her last stage performance was in Boston, at the Globe Theatre on May 15th, 1875.
1888 – Birth date of Raymond Chandler (July 23, 1888 – March 26, 1959), a crime writer who had an immense stylistic influence upon the modern private eye story, especially in the style of the writing and the attitudes now characteristic of the genre. His protagonist, Philip Marlowe, is synonymous with “private detective” along with Dashiell Hammett’s Sam Spade. In 1932, at the age of forty-four, Chandler became a fiction writer after losing his job as an oil company executive during the Great Depression. Chandler’s personal and professional life were both helped and complicated by the women to whom he was attracted—notably Helga Greene, his literary agent; Jean Fracasse, his secretary; Sonia Orwell (George Orwell‘s widow); and Natasha Spender (Stephen Spender‘s wife), the last two of whom assumed Chandler to be a repressed homosexual.
07-23-1899 – 10-05-2000 Ruth C. Ellis – Born in Springfield, Illinois. She was an African-American LGBT rights activist. Her parents were born in the last years of slavery in Tennessee. She came out as a lesbian around 1915, and graduated from Springfield High School in 1919, at a time when fewer than seven percent of African Americans graduated from secondary school.
In the 1920’s she met Ceciline “Babe” Franklin. The couple moved to Detroit, Michigan in 1937. Ellis became the first American woman to own a printing business in Detroit. She and Franklin opened their house to the LGBT community, giving parties and safety to everyone. Their house became known as “the gay spot.” Gay men and lesbians came from as far away as Flint, Michigan and Cleveland, Ohio, to attend the gatherings. Ellis said, “On weekends, that would be the place to come because there weren’t many places unless it was someone’s house. So they’d come down, and we’d play the piano and dance, and some of them would play cards.” Ruth and Babe were together for thirty-five years until Franklin died in 1975. The Ruth Ellis Center honors the life and work of Ruth Ellis and is one of the only four agencies in the US dedicated to homeless LGBT youth and young adults.
Her life was the subject of the documentary directed by Yvonne Welbon, Living With Pride: Ruth C. Ellis at 100. Until her death in 2000 at age 101, she was thought to be the oldest living “out” African American lesbian.
07-23-1901 – 03-14-1977 Helen Ferguson – Born in Decatur, Illinois. She was an American actress. In 1933, she quit acting and became a publicist.
She became a major power in Hollywood representing big stars including Henry Fonda, Barbara Stanwyck, Robert Taylor, and represented Loretta Young for more than nineteen years. Ferguson had an intimate relationship with Barbara Stanwyck for nearly thirty years. For her contributions to Motion Pictures, Ferguson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
07-23-1909 – 12-31-1993 Samuel Morris Steward – Born in Woodsfield, Ohio. He was a poet, novelist, and university professor who left the world of academia to become a tattoo artist and pornographer. Throughout his life, he kept extensive secret
diaries, journals, and statistics of his sex life. He became friends with Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas. Upon visiting her home in France in 1937, he met many other literary figures, including Thornton Wilder, Lord Alfred Douglas (the lover of Oscar Wilde), Thomas Mann, and André Gide. He detailed these encounters, some of them sexual, in his brief memoir, Chapters from an Autobiography. He was a lover of Thornton Wilder. While making the transition from professor to tattoo artist during the 1950s, Steward befriended a number of gay artists and writers including Paul Cadmus, George Platt Lynes, Julien Green, Fritz Peters, and Glenway Westcott. He died in Berkeley, California of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a barbiturate addiction.
07-23-1917 – 08-02-1984 Barbara Deming – Born in New York City, New York. She was an American feminist and advocate of nonviolent social change. Deming directed plays,
taught dramatic literature, and wrote and published fiction and non-fiction works. At sixteen, she had fallen in love with an older woman, and from then on was openly lesbian. From 1954 to 1972 she was involved with the writer and painter Mary Meigs. Deming later became a journalist and was active in many demonstrations over issues of peace and civil rights. She was jailed a number of times for non-violent protests of the war in Vietnam. In 1976, Deming moved to Florida with her partner, artist Jane Verlaine. In 1975 Deming founded The Money for Women Fund to support feminist artists. After her death in 1984, it was renamed The Barbara Deming Memorial Fund. Today, the foundation is the “oldest ongoing feminist granting agency” which “gives encouragement and grants to individual feminists in the arts (writer and visual artists).”
1924, UK – Birth date of Gavin Lambert (23 July 1924 – 17 July 2005), a British screenwriter, novelist and biographer who lived for part of his life in Hollywood. His final biography was Natalie Wood: A Life (2004) where he claimed that Wood frequently dated gay and bisexual men including director Nicholas Ray and actors Nick Adams, Raymond Burr, James Dean, Tab Hunter, and Scott Marlowe. Lambert said he was also involved with Ray and that Wood supported playwright Mart Crowley (a later lover of Lambert’s) in a manner that made it possible for him to write his play The Boys in the Band (1968). Lambert was also a biographer and novelist, who focused his efforts on biographies of gay and lesbian figures in Hollywood.
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
07-23-1944 Lisa Alther – Born in Kingsport, Tennessee. She is an American author and novelist. Alther is the author of six novels, Kinflicks, Original Sins, Other Women, Bedrock, Five Minutes in Heaven, and Washed in Blood, as well as short stories and many magazine articles. “I get labeled a woman writer, a feminist writer, a gay writer, and I’m flattered to be included in all those categories.” Her novels are studied in university courses in English literature, Southern literature, Appalachian literature, women’s studies, gay and lesbian studies, sociology, and psychology. She is one of the few American lesbian novelists that have mainstream readers both here in the U.S. and internationally. As in others of Alther’s novels, lesbianism is portrayed as one of several possible versions of how one might live one’s life. Alther’s heroines tend not to have a single sexual identity but move from lesbian relationships to heterosexual ones, or vice versa.
07-23-1945 Karen J. Clark – Born in Fort Sill, Oklahoma. She is an American politician. Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives,
she is the longest-serving openly lesbian member to serve in a state legislature in the United States. In 2013, Clark was the House sponsor to legalize same-sex marriage. The act passed the House, as well as the Senate, and was later signed into law by Governor Mark Dayton. It took effect on July 1, 2013.
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
1975 – Evangelist Billy Graham states that he is in favor of gay men being ordained as ministers though he hedges on the question of whether women should enjoy the same right.
07-23-1976 Judith Arndt – Born in Königs Wusterhausen, Germany. She is a German professional cyclist. Arndt won silver
in the road race at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece and two weeks later, she became world road champion at Verona, Italy. In 2005 she won the national road championship for the sixth time. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, she competed in the Women’s road race and won silver in the time trial.
Donna Summer’s “I Feel Love” reached #1 in England the first of a four week stay. and would soon be #3 pop in America. The “Queen of Disco” started out in the German productions of Hair and Godspell before being discovered by producer Giorgio Moroder at a Blood, Sweat & Tears demo session.
The Ayatollah Khomenini bans all forms of Rock ‘n’ Roll in Iran, claiming it has a corrupting influence
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
A firebombing attack on Henry Morgentaler‘s abortion clinic in Toronto also results in significant damage to the Toronto Women’s Bookstore, one of Canada’s most important venues for feminist and lesbian literature
#6 USA LP charts David Bowie’s Let’s Dance,
1985 – A publicist for Rock Hudson (November 17, 1925 – October 2, 1985) announces that he is being treated for inoperable liver cancer in Paris. The AIDS epidemic got much needed publicity and support after it was revealed that Hudson actually had AIDS.
1985 – After a two-year legal battle, a Minnesota judge grants custody of Sharon Kowalski to her father rather than her lover, Karen Thompson. After Kowalski was severely disabled, her father put her in a nursing home and forbade visits by Thompson. Thompson continued the legal fight, but it was more than three years before she saw Kowalski again. In re Guardianship of Kowalski, 478 N.W.2d 790 (Minn. Ct. App. 1991), is a Minnesota Court of Appeals case that established a lesbian‘s partner as her legal guardian after she became incapacitated following an automobile accident. Because the case was contested by Kowalski’s parents and family and initially resulted in the partner being excluded for several years from visiting Kowalski, the gay community celebrated the final resolution in favor of the partner as a victory for gay rights. Karen Thompson received several awards for her work to achieve LGBT equality, including 2012, “100 Women We Love” from Go Magazine, the Liberty Award from Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, and the 1989 Annual Humanitarian Award from the American Psychological Association. Together Thompson and Sharon Kowalski received the 1990 Woman of Courage Award from the National Organization for Women, the 1991 Feminist of the Year Award from the Feminist Majority Foundation, and a 1990 Creating Change Award from the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.
1986 – The Weekly News, Florida’s gay newspaper for decades, reported that Bell South rejected a phone book ad for the newspaper because the use of the word gay was “potentially offensive.”
1987 – At its national convention in Miami, Florida, The Catholic Gay organization Dignity voted to peacefully challenge the Vatican’s Ratzinger letter that referred to homosexuality as “a strong tendency to behavior which is intrinsically evil.” It opposed civil rights for gays and lesbians, barred churches from allowing organizations that do not agree with church teachings on homosexuality from using church facilities, and suggested that anti-gay violence should not come as a surprise to society. On the same day in San Francisco, several groups protest the Pope’s visit, including the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence and Jewish holocaust survivors.
1987- President Ronald Reagan announces the formation of a presidential commission on AIDS. None of the 13 members was an expert on AIDS. It includes Richard DeVos, political ally of Pat Robertson; homophobic New York Archbishop John Cardinal O’Connor; and Penny Pullen, an associate of homophobe Phyllis Schlafley. Conservatives had a hissy-fit over the selection of Dr. Frank Lilly, a medical researcher who says that “As far as I know, I’m the only gay on the panel. “It was viewed as an embarrassment by medical authorities, a joke by the gay community, and a fiasco by several members of the Reagan administration.
former Go-Go Jane Wiedlin entered the Top 10 with “Rush Hour”.
90s: Slurs Reclaimed: Act Up! Lesbian Avengers and Queer Nation
1992, Mexico – Newspaper journalist Margo Su denounces police in wave of homophobic murders.
Elton John registered his 27th Top 10 hit (#5 all-time) with the great song “Can You Feel The Love Tonight” from the movie The Lion King.
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
‘N Sync reached #1 with “It’s Gonna’ Be Me”.
2001, Canada – Eight British Columbia couples took the fight for legalized gay and lesbian marriage to the BC Supreme Court. They argued that the federal definition of marriage (between a man and a woman) bans gays and lesbians from marrying and is therefore unconstitutional.
Unnamed Common Oppressor VS: Heterosexual women VS Trans vs LGB/
Judge Raymond P. Moore, a federal judge in Denver declares Colorado’s gay marriage ban unconstitutional.
Jul 23, 2018 — 1987- President Ronald Reagan announces the formation of a presidential commission on AIDS. None of the 13 members was an expert on AIDS. It …
Today in LGBT History – July 23 – Ronni Sanlohttps://ronnisanlo.com › today-in-lgbt-history-july-23Jul 23, 2017 — The history I share each day is also my own history as a lesbian. · Today in LGBT History – July 23 · 1726, UK – Margaret Clap (died c. · 1816 – …
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
To Each Decade it’s Age of Understanding, do not under consider differing geographies, nor the heterosexual clash of cultures – in particular – do not read backwards the words of humans now to earlier ages, to each own expression in culture and under legal conditions; and to all biology applies, regardless of what humans think is understood, rather than told, the why and when.
Sex the act of; is central to religion, war – who gets to what to who- vs which has had a no.
Understood as noting to be debated, quibbled nor negotiated.
Both in personal lives, in public and the workplaces, which were gender divided owing to sexual roles, across cultures and times.
music and movie information from my previous blog
where I note, The Last Elvis Secret given what the Memphis Mafia wrote about Presley Parties, the only thing not officially and rarely luridly written about was the balance of probability Elvis Presley was bisexual, and was described by heterosexual men as being so attractive as to raise a question – including Jerry Reed, writer and performer. And given Larry Geller’s descriptions of being accused by other Memphis Mafia members of being gay with Elvis during the private hair cut sessions -rather makes it seem the Memphis Mafia were jealous, and with Larry having to point out that were they admitting Elvis was bisexual?
As if Geller, a Hollywood hairdress would have a problem and his challenge back to those accusers was were they admitting Elvis was bisexual with the accusation? the last Elvis secret, along with the suicide note left in 1977, all swore to not reveal.
And each Memphis Mafia Member book was all about the orgies and parties Elvis made them attend, as if that was not why they were his friends acquired over time, to Red West, who saved Elvis from high school bathroom beatings and haircuts.
from my original blog:
With the new theatric Biopic that will reveal Elvis’ self harm in both diet and injuries as a pretense to get cancer level drugs from doctors and dentists and anyone who would administer anything, including an induced week long coma for weight loss in Vegas, known to any Elvis fan who read:
the Darkest Elvis Secret was said by his StepMom on National USA tv. That one can be famous and rich and be depressed, connects to why western nations have the highest suicide rates: direct/obvious and passive. In 2017 it was revealed Elvis Presley left a suicide note, and that was why the life insurance policy was never cashed.
It is important to note that the majority of sexual predators and murderers are males who victimize: pick the most inclusive or the most diverse statement of victim categories:
A) women and other men
B) men and women
C) heterosexual men, heterosexual women and LGBTQ2
D) heterosexual men, heterosexual women, gay/bisexual men, bisexual women, lesbians and NB/Transpersons
now factor in how to phrase that sentence and include 1 ethnicity 2 disability – physical of body and/or of the brain and persons without religion/spirituality
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.
the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.
There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.
Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.
the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.