BCE to The Suffragettes
1626, Vatican City – Pope Urban the Eighth gives Catalina de Erauso (Feb. 10, 1592 – 1650) the right to live as a man named Francisco de Loyola who became a conquistador. Catalina de Erauso (in Spanish) or Katalina Erauso (in Basque), also known in Spanish as La Monja Alférez was a personality of the Basque Country, Spain and Spanish America in the first half of the 17th century. For nearly 400 years, Catalina Erauso’s story has remained alive through historical studies, biographical stories, novels, movies and comics. New scholarship has questioned Erauso’s sexual orientation and gender identity. While Erauso never mentions specifically in his memoir being attracted to a man, there are numerous instances of relationships with other women.
1892, Germany – Henry Gerber (June 29, 1892– December 31, 1972) is born in Bavaria. He emigrated to the United States in 1913. He and others in his family settled in Chicago because of its large German immigrant population.In 1917, Gerber was briefly committed to a mental institution because of his homosexuality. When the United States declared war on Germany, Gerber was given a choice: be interned as an enemy alien or enlist in the Army. Gerber chose the Army and was assigned to work as a printer and proofreader with the Allied Army of Occupation in Coblenz. During his time in Germany, Gerber learned about Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) and the work he and his Scientific-Humanitarian Committee were doing to reform anti-homosexual German law, especially Paragraph 175which criminalized sex between men. Gerber traveled to Berlin which supported a thriving gay subculture and subscribed to at least one homophile magazine.He absorbed Hirschfeld’s ideas, including the notion that homosexual men were naturally effeminate.Following his military service, Gerber returned to the United States and went to work for the post office in Chicago. He created the first gay rights organization in the United States, the Society for Human Rights which received a charter from the State of Illinois, and produced the first American publication for homosexuals, Friendship and Freedom.A few months after being chartered, the group ceased to exist in the wake of the arrest of several of the Society’s members including Henry. Despite its short existence and small size, the Society has been recognized as a precursor to the modern gay liberation movement.
06-29-1916 – 08-25-1979 Charles Clegg – Born and raised in Rhode Island. He was an American author, photographer, and
railroad historian. Clegg is primarily remembered as the lifelong companion of the famed columnist and railroad author Lucius Beebe. They met in 1940. Their relationship was relatively open and well known. Clegg was a co-author of many of Beebe’s best-known books. The library of photographs produced by Clegg and Beebe is now in the collections of the California State Railroad Museum. Clegg committed suicide in 1979, on the day that he reached the precise age at which Beebe had died.
1936, Germany – In preparing Berlin for the Olympics, 52 gay men were taken to Mauthausen concentration camp.
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
Johnnie Ray records “Just Walkin’ In The Rain.”
June 29, 1957
Police in Iran close all dance halls and prosecute their owners after laws are passed that rule Rock and Roll dancing as “harmful to health.” The ban was not lifted until the 1990s.
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
The U.S. Army grants Jimi Hendrix an honorable discharge on the basis of unsuitability. A month earlier his platoon sergeant filed a report that said: “He has no interest whatsoever in the Army…. It is my opinion that Private Hendrix will never come up to the standards required of a soldier. I feel that the military service will benefit if he is discharged as soon as possible.” Hendrix would later falsely claim that he had received a medical discharge after breaking his ankle during his 26th parachute jump – he also suggested he was gay to be discharged.
At Brian Epstein’s insistence, The Beatles reluctantly record German versions of “She Loves You” and “I Want To Hold Your Hand” in Rue de Seures, Paris, under the direction of George Martin.
06-29-1967 Carl Hester – Born in Sark, Guernsey, English Channel Island, United Kingdom. In 2011, Hester riding the horse Uthopia was part of the British team that won the team gold
medal at the 2011 European Dressage Championship. Hester also won individual silver medals in the Grand Prix Freestyle and Grand Prix Special. In 2012, he was selected with three others to represent the United Kingdom at the 2012 Summer Olympic in London in the Individual and Team Dressage events. The UK dressage team won the gold medal with Hester riding Uthopia. In the New Years Honours 2013, he was appointed as a Member of The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire to services to equestrianism. He is openly gay and was previously in a relationship with international dressage rider Spencer Wilton.
1968, West Germany – The anti-gay Paragraph 175, adopted in 1871, is eased. After WWII, gay men liberated from the concentration camps were sent to prison rather than set free because of Paragraph 175. Those still alive in 1968 were finally released. Paragraph 175was repealed in 1994.
1969 – New York City’s Mattachine Action Committee issues a flier urging organized demonstrations in protest of the previous night’s police raid on the Stonewall Inn.
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
June 29, 1970
Anne Murray released her first single “Snowbird” on this date.
Canada – Gays demonstrate at Queen’s Park (site of the Ontario legislature in Toronto) to protest the omission of sexual orientation from amendments to Ontario Human Rights Code then being considered by legislature. It is the first public gay action around rights code reform.
The first bisexual religious organization, The Committee of Friends of Bisexuality, is founded by Stephen Donaldson (July 27, 1946 – July 18, 1996)(aka Donny the Punk) in Ithaca, New York. They issue the “Ithaca Statement on Bisexuality” supporting bisexuals. The Statement, which may have been “the first public declaration of the bisexual movement” and “was certainly the first statement on bisexuality issued by an American religious assembly,” appeared in the Quaker Friends Journal and The Advocate in 1972.
06-29-1976 Ylva Lindberg – Born in Umeå, Sweden. She was a Swedish ice hockey player. She won a silver medal at the 2006
Winter Olympics and a bronze medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Lindberg came out as a lesbian in 2006, along with fellow hockey player Erika Holst.
Coors Beer Company takes out a full-page ad in The Advocate announcing that the Coors family did not contribute in any way to the defeat of Miami’s gay rights ordinance. Coors was already reeling from a union boycott.
Canada – A Gallup Poll shows that 52 percent of Canadians believe gay people should be protected against discrimination under new Canadian Human Rights Act
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
David Bowie and Mick Jagger recorded a version of the Martha Reeves and the Vandellas 1964 hit ‘Dancing In The Street.’ for the forthcoming Live Aid fundraising event. The single went on to become a No.1 UK hit. The original plan was to perform a track together live, with Bowie performing at Wembley Stadium and Jagger at John F. Kennedy Stadium, until it was realized that the satellite link-up would cause a half-second delay that would make this impossible unless either Bowie or Jagger mimed their contribution, something neither artist was willing to do.
Madonna had her seventh hit and sixth Top 10 in a row with “Angel”, Tears for Fears were down to 7 with their former #1 “Everybody Wants To Rule The World”, the Eurythmics entered the Top 10 with “Would I Lie To You?” (moving from 14-10), Howard Jones came in at #9 with “Things Can Only Get Better” and the Mary Jane Girls were “In My House”.
1989 – The Washington Times reports that VIP officials in the Reagan and Bush administrations were implicated in a federal investigation into a gay prostitution ring. After being identified as one of those under investigation, Elizabeth Dole’s adviser Paul Balach was forced to resign. Republican National Committee chairman Lee Atwater stated that it was wrong for people to be forced out of their jobs because of something that is strictly a personal matter.
90s: Slurs Reclaimed: Act Up! Lesbian Avengers and Queer Nation
Paul Abdul commanded the top spot with “Rush, Rush” for a third week in a row.
Cher had the top album in the U.K. with Love Hurts.
Dionne Warwick, Chaka Khan, En Vogue, Levert, and Dianne Reeves, among others, performed on the Celebrate the Soul of American Music TV show.
Spurred by controversy over the song “Cop Killer,” President George H. W. Bush speaks out against “those who use films or records or television or video games to glorify killing law enforcement officers.”
1993, Ireland – Ireland decriminalizes same-sex relations for consenting adults and sets the age of consent at 17 for all sexual activities.
Barbra Streisand garnered $16 million in sales from concerts at New York City’s Madison Square Garden, setting a record for the largest-grossing concert series of all-time.
Toni Braxton had a huge double-sided #2 smash with “You’re Makin’ Me High” and “Let It Flow”. Tracy Chapman remained at 3 with “Give Me One Reason”. The rest of the Top 10: “Always Be My Baby” from Mariah Carey was her 19th hit, her 15th Top 10 and, being a former #1, it was her 11th chart-topper, “Because You Loved Me” was another former #1 from Celine Dion at #6,
1998 – Researchers at the 12th World Conference on AIDS report that a drug-resistant strain of HIV had been identified.
1999– California adopts a domestic partner law allowing same-sex couples equal rights, responsibilities, benefits, and protections as married couples. Enacted in 1999, the domestic partnership registry was the first of its kind in the United States created by a legislature without court intervention. Initially, domestic partnerships enjoyed very few privileges—principally just hospital-visitation rights and the right to be claimed as a next of kin of the estate of a deceased partner.
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
2002, Croatia – The first Pride parade, in Zagreb, occurs.
2008 – Thomas Beatie (January 20, 1974), a transman, gives birth. Born Tracy Lehuanani LaGondino, he s an American public speaker, author, and advocate of transgender and sexuality issues with a focus on trans fertility and reproductive rights. Beatie had gender reassignment surgery in 2002 and became known as ‘The Pregnant Man’ after he became pregnant through artificial insemination in 2007. Beatie chose to become pregnant because his wife Nancy was infertile. Beatie’s first pregnancy resulted in an ectopic pregnancy with triplets, requiring emergency surgery and resulting in the loss of all three fetuses. Beatie has since given birth to three children. The couple filed for divorce in 2012. The Beatie case is the first of its kind on record, where a documented legal male gave birth within a traditional marriage to a woman, and for the first time, a court challenged a marriage where the husband gave birth.
2009 – The U.S. government apologizes to openly gay Frank Kameny (May 21, 1925 – October 11, 2011) for firing him in 1957. John Berry, Director of the Office of Personnel Management in the Obama administration, formally apologizes and presents Kameny with the Theodore Roosevelt Award, the department’s most prestigious honor. Kameny was an American gay rights activist, referred to as “one of the most significant figures” in the American gay rights movement. In 1957, Kameny was dismissed from his position as an astronomer in the U.S. Army‘s Army Map Service in Washington, D.C. because of his homosexuality, leading him to begin “a Herculean struggle with the American establishment” that would “spearhead a new period of militancy in the homosexual rights movement of the early 1960s.” Kameny formally appealed his firing by the U.S. Civil Service Commission. Although unsuccessful, the proceeding was notable as the first known civil rights claim based on sexual orientation pursued in a U.S. court.
Unnamed Common Oppressor VS: Heterosexual women VS Trans vs LGB/
2012– Fred Karger (January 31, 1950) ends his bid for president. He was the nation’s first openly gay Republican presidential candidate. He did not get far. Karger is an American political consultant, gay rights activist and watchdog, former actor, and politician. His unsuccessful candidacy for the Republican nomination for the 2012 U.S. Presidential electionmade him the first openly gay presidential candidate in a major political party in American history. Although he had not held elected or public office, Karger has worked on nine presidential campaigns and served as a senior consultant to the campaigns of Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and Gerald Ford. Karger was a partner at the Dolphin Group, a California campaign consulting firm. He retired after 27 years and has since worked as an activist on gay rights causes including protecting the gay bar The Boom by using his organization Californians Against Hate to investigate The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) as well as the National Organization for Marriage‘s campaigns to repeal the state’s same-sex marriage law.
Elvis Presley’s daughter Lisa Marie filed for divorce from her fourth husband, Michael Lockwood, just months after the couple celebrated their 10th wedding anniversary the previous January. Lisa Marie had previously been wed to Danny Keough from 1988 until 1994, Michael Jackson from 1994 to 1999 and to actor Nicolas Cage from 2002 to 2004.
Jun 30, 2019 — Today, Pride is not just ONE DAY. It’s an entire month, chosen to commemorate the Stonewall Riots. We can thank Bisexual activist Brenda Howard …
people link events link
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
To Each Decade it’s Age of Understanding, do not under consider differing geographies, nor the heterosexual clash of cultures – in particular – do not read backwards the words of humans now to earlier ages, to each own expression in culture and under legal conditions; and to all biology applies, regardless of what humans think is understood, rather than told, the why and when.
Sex the act of; is central to religion, war – who gets to what to who- vs which has had a no.
Understood as noting to be debated, quibbled nor negotiated.
Both in personal lives, in public and the workplaces, which were gender divided owing to sexual roles, across cultures and times.
music and movie information from my previous blog
where I note, The Last Elvis Secret given what the Memphis Mafia wrote about Presley Parties, the only thing not officially and rarely luridly written about was the balance of probability Elvis Presley was bisexual, and was described by heterosexual men as being so attractive as to raise a question – including Jerry Reed, writer and performer. And given Larry Geller’s descriptions of being accused by other Memphis Mafia members of being gay with Elvis during the private hair cut sessions -rather makes it seem the Memphis Mafia were jealous, and with Larry having to point out that were they admitting Elvis was bisexual?
As if Geller, a Hollywood hairdress would have a problem and his challenge back to those accusers was were they admitting Elvis was bisexual with the accusation? the last Elvis secret, along with the suicide note left in 1977, all swore to not reveal.
And each Memphis Mafia Member book was all about the orgies and parties Elvis made them attend, as if that was not why they were his friends acquired over time, to Red West, who saved Elvis from high school bathroom beatings and haircuts.
from my original blog:
With the new theatric Biopic that will reveal Elvis’ self harm in both diet and injuries as a pretense to get cancer level drugs from doctors and dentists and anyone who would administer anything, including an induced week long coma for weight loss in Vegas, known to any Elvis fan who read:
the Darkest Elvis Secret was said by his StepMom on National USA tv. That one can be famous and rich and be depressed, connects to why western nations have the highest suicide rates: direct/obvious and passive. In 2017 it was revealed Elvis Presley left a suicide note, and that was why the life insurance policy was never cashed.
It is important to note that the majority of sexual predators and murderers are males who victimize: pick the most inclusive or the most diverse statement of victim categories:
A) women and other men
B) men and women
C) heterosexual men, heterosexual women and LGBTQ2
D) heterosexual men, heterosexual women, gay/bisexual men, bisexual women, lesbians and NB/Transpersons
now factor in how to phrase that sentence and include 1 ethnicity 2 disability – physical of body and/or of the brain and persons without religion/spirituality
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.
the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.
There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.
Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.
the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.