BCE to The Suffragettes
1791, France – France creates a new law system where rape is the only punishable sex crime. Sodomy, a former capital offense, is not included, leading France to be the first country to decriminalize sex between men.
05-23-1904 – 06-18-1971 Libby Holman – Born in Cincinnati, Ohio. She was an American Jewish torch singer and stage actress who also achieved notoriety for her personal life. Bisexual, she preferred the company of gay men. Two of her three most significant relationships were with self-proclaimed lesbians, the DuPont Heiress Louisa d’Andelot Carpenter and writer Jane Bowles. She also had an affair with
actress Jeanne Eagels. Her third most important relationship was with actor Montgomery Clift, although it is believed in most circles that they were just close friends. Holman was always involved with what became known as the Civil Rights Movement. During WWII, she tried to book shows for the servicemen with her friend, Josh White, but they were turned down on the grounds that “we don’t book mixed company.” (Josh White was African-American). In the 1940s, she and Josh White started rehearsals in a New York club. She arrived at the front door, Josh White was directed to the staff entrance. Libby waited until they were due to open after the owners had spent a vast amount on publicity, and told them that she was not going to sing until their club changed their racial door policy. She won. In 1959, she financed a trip to India for Martin Luther King, Jr. and his wife, Coretta Scott King, both of whom became close friends of Holman. Holman was also credited with inventing or wearing the first strapless gown.
05-23-1908 – 11-15-1942 Anne Marie Clarac-Schwarzenbach – Born in Bocken, near Zurich, Switzerland. She was a Swiss writer, journalist, photographer, and traveler. Her father was a wealthy businessman in the silk industry; her mother was the daughter of a Swiss general and descended from German aristocracy. From an early age, she began to dress and act like a boy, a behavior not discouraged by her parents, and which she retained all her life.
In 1930 she had a relationship with Erika Mann (the daughter of Thomas Mann). Although the relationship didn’t last long, they remained friends. She moved to Berlin and became friends with Klaus Mann (Erika’s brother) and she started using drugs. She led a fast life in the bustling, decadent, artistic city of Berlin towards the close of the Weimar Republic. Her androgynous beauty fascinated and attracted both men and women. Her lifestyle ended with the Nazi take-over in 1933. Tensions with her family increased when she refused to renounce her friendship with the Manns. Her circle of friends included Jews and political refugees from Germany. In 1935, while in Persia, despite being a lesbian, she married the French diplomat Claude Clarac, also gay. In 1937 and 1938 her photographs documented the rise of Fascism in Europe – she was a committed anti-Fascist. In 1939, in an effort to combat her drug addiction, she embarked on an overland trip to Afghanistan with ethnologist Ella Maillart. They were in Kabul when WW II broke out. The trip is described by Maillart in her book The Cruel Way, which was dedicated to Anne Marie. It was made into a movie, The Journey to Kafiristan, in 2001. Anne Marie is reported to have had affairs with the daughter of the Turkish Ambassador in Teheran and a female archaeologist in Turkmenistan. On September 7, 1942, in the Engadin (a long valley in the Swiss Alps), she fell from her bicycle and sustained a serious head injury. Following a mistaken diagnosis in the clinic where she was treated, she died on November 15. Because her mother disliked her friends, including her husband, she forbid them from visiting her during her final days. After her death, her mother destroyed all her letters and diaries. A friend of Anne Marie took care of her writings and photographs, which were later archived in the Swiss Literary Archives in Bern.
05-23-1910 – 11-13-1952 Margaret Wise Brown – Born in Brooklyn, New York. She was a prolific American writer of children’s books, including the picture book Goodnight Moon and The Runaway Bunny. In the 1950s, she wrote several books for the Little Golden Book series. She had numerous
affairs with both men and women. Most notable was her long-term relationship with Blanche Oelrichs, the former wife of John Barrymore. In early 1952, she became engaged to James Stallman Rockefeller, Jr. Later that year, while on a book tour in Nice, France, she died unexpectedly of an embolism. By the time of her death, she had written over one hundred books.
1920 – Harvard establishes a committee to investigate homosexual activity on campus. The tribunal becomes known as the Secret Court of 1920. Records of the tribunal are discovered in 2002. Many of those interrogated were never charged and have not been identified. In 2002, a researcher from The Crimson, the school’s undergraduate daily newspaper, came across a box of files labeled “Secret Court” in the University Archives. After a protracted campaign on the part of the paper’s staff, the university released five hundred documents relating to the Court’s work. An article by Amit R. Paley in The Crimson’s weekly magazine Fifteen Minutes reported the 1920 events on November 21, 2002.
“Shuffle Along” 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
05-23-1945 — 11-16-2017 Ben Dillingham III – Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, the descendant of a wealthy railroad and construction family. He
served as a Marine during the Vietnam War. In 1993, he became the first acknowledged gay elected official in San Diego, California, serving on the City Council. He became a top aide for San Diego Mayor Maureen O’Connor. As O’Connor’s gatekeeper, Dillingham had a reputation for toughness but he was also loyal to his co-workers, once taking a cut in pay so that others in his office could get raises. Dillingham later became a leader in community organizations dedicated to LGBT rights and to fight against AIDS, which claimed the lives of three of his partners. He once said, “Until we all come out of the closet, it will not be safe for any of us”. He died on November 16, 2017, from cancer.
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
1953 – When the Mattachine Society reconvenes to approve a constitution, it refuses to seat delegates associated with the Communist Party, including Chuck Rowland (Aug. 24, 1917-Dec. 27, 1990), one of the original 1950 Mattachine founders. For the remainder of the decade, the society pursues a low profile, non-confrontational approach to winning societal acceptance of lesbians and gay men. Rowland founded Celebration Theatre in Los Angeles. The Mattachine Society, founded in 1950, was one of the earliest LGBT (gay rights) organizations in the United States, probably second only to the short-lived Society for Human Rightsin Chicago (1923). Communist and labor activist Harry Hay(April 7, 1912 – October 24, 2002)formed the group with a collection of male friends including Chuck Rowland in Los Angeles to protect and improve the rights of gay men. Branches formed in other cities and by 1961 the Society had splintered into regional groups. In 2002, Mattachine Midwest was inducted into the Chicago Gay and Lesbian Hall of Fame. A new Mattachine Society of Washington, D.C. was formed in 2011 and is dedicated to original archival research of LGBT political history.
05-23-1958 Lea DeLaria – Born in Belleville, Illinois, DeLaria is an American comedian, actress, and jazz musician. She was the first openly gay comic to break the late-night-talk-show barriers with her 1993 appearance on The Arsenio Hall Show. On the show, DeLaria said, “It’s the 1990s…it’s hip to be queer, and I’m a bi-i-i-i-ig dike!” In December 1993 she hosted Comedy Central’s Out There, the
first all-gay stand-up comedy special. She has released two CD recording of her comedy, Bulldyke in a China Shop (1994) and Box Lunch (1997). She has also written a humorous book entitled Lea’s Book of Rules for the World. Since 2013, she has appeared in the Netflix Original Orange is the New Black as prison inmate Carrie ‘Big Boo’ Black. On February 14, 2015, DeLaria received the Equality Illinois Freedom Award for her work as “a cutting-edge performer who used her talent to entertain and enlighten millions of Americans,” said Bernard Cherkasov, CEO of Equality Illinois. DeLaria said, ”As an out performer for over 33 years who has made it her life’s work to change peoples perception of butch, queer, and LGBT, it is an honor for me to receive such recognition from my home state.”
05-23-1958 Pekka Haavisto – Born in Helsinki, he is a Finnish politician and minister representing the Green League. Haavisto was the first openly gay candidate and the first candidate to have served
in non-military service instead of the regular military service to make it to the second round of presidential elections in Finland. Haavisto lives in a registered partnership with Antonio Flores, who originally comes from Ecuador.
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
May 23, 1960
“Finian’s Rainbow” opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
05-23-1961 Norrie May-Welby – Born in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. She is a Scottish-Australian transgender person who pursued the legal
status of being neither a man nor a woman form 2010 to 2o14. The High Court of Australia ruled in April 2014 that the NSW Registry of Births, Deaths, and Marriages to record the sex of Norrie was ‘non-specific’. Norrie prefers the term androgynous and does not mind being referred to as she or her. In 2019 she published an autobiographical book, Ultrasex (Beyond Division).
Dusty Springfield released the single “Wishin’ And Hopin’”.
05-23-1968 Guinevere Turner – Born in Boston, Massachusetts. She is an American actress, writer, and director. She is one of the most recognizable faces in lesbian cinema. Turner was producer, as well as star,
of the classic lesbian film Go Fish. She’s appeared in The L Word as Alice’s ex-girlfriend and has written numerous screenplays, including Blood Rayne, The Notorious Bettie Page, and American Psycho.
1969 – In this day’s issue of the American porno magazine Screw, a column appears by Jack Nichols and Lige Clarke using the term homophobiato refer to straight men’s fear that they might be gay. Screw is usually a straight man’s magazine. John Richard “Jack” Nichols Jr. (March 16, 1938 – May 2, 2005) was a gay rights activist who co-founded the Washington, D.C. branch of the Mattachine Society in 1961 with Franklin E. Kameny(May 21, 1925 – October 11, 2011). He and his partner Lige Clarke(February 22, 1942 − February 10, 1975), began writing the column “The Homosexual Citizen” for Screw magazinein 1968. It was the first LGBT-interest column in a non-LGBT publication. As a result of this column, Nichols and Clarke became known as “The most famous gay couple in America.”
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
1973 – Prescott Townsend (June 24, 1894 – May 23, 1973) was an American cultural leader and gay rights activist, from the 1930s through the early 1970s. In the 1950s, he held meetings at his home/bookstore, which he described as “the first social discussion of homosexuality in Boston”. He founded a Boston chapter of the Mattachine Societythough after the group grew, he was forced out. In talks in Boston and Provincetown he promoted his “Snowflake Theory” of human personality and sexuality, stating that the human mind is like a snowflake in that no two are alike, and each has six opposing sides: I/You, He/She, Hit/Submit. Townsend had been suffering from failing health brought on by Parkinson’s Disease.
May 23, 1975
Elton John’s “Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy” album was released, the first to be certified a million-seller on its first day of release and first album to debut at #1, where it stayed for seven weeks.
“As you no doubt expected, I am declining your invitation to participate in the celebration of ‘GAY PRIDE WEEK.’ While I support your organization’s constitutional right to express your feelings on the subject of homosexuality, I am obviously not in sympathy with your views on the subject. I would much rather celebrate ‘GAY CONVERSION WEEK,’ which I will gladly sponsor when the medical practitioners in this country find a way to convert gays to heterosexuals. Very truly yours . . . “
— Letter from L.A.’s notoriously homophobic police chief, Ed Davis, to Sharon D. Cornelison, President of Christopher Street West Association, the organizers of Los Angeles’ Gay Pride Week
The Third Barry Manilow Special airs on ABC-TV.
Sister Sledge’s “We Are Family” goes Platinum. The album’s title track, a #2 hit last month, while it might have been a rallying call for baseball’s Pittsburgh Pirates, who will go on to win the 1979 World Series in October; the song is more known as a lesbian anthem.
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
The Central London chapter of the British Musicians Union puts forth a resolution to ban synthesizers and rhythm machines from all recording sessions and live engagements. The proposal was defeated.
It was “Aretha Franklin Appreciation Day” in the state of Michigan.
The Beastie Boys and Run DMC opened their UK tour in London.
90s: Slurs Reclaimed: Act Up! Lesbian Avengers and Queer Nation
The will of the late Freddie Mercury bequeathed the majority of the Queen singer’s $17 million estate to Mary Austin, his longtime companion.
The UK’s Royal Mail issued a 19p stamp featuring Freddie Mercury to mark his contribution to the Live Aid charity concert in 1985. The late Queen front man was an avid philatelist whose collection was bought by the Post Office in 1993.
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
Unnamed Common Oppressor VS: Heterosexual women VS Trans vs LGB/
|Erasmus MC University Medical Center in the Netherlands announced they had drawn clear links between listening to loud music, smoking marijuana and having “risky” sex. The study, published in the Official Journal of the American Academy Of Pediatrics, revealed that young people who listened to loud music on their MP3 players were more likely to have sparked up a joint in the last month. The researchers, surveyed 944 students from inner-city vocational schools aged 15 to 25.|
The Boy Scouts of America’s national council votes to remove the ban against gay scouts, causing conflict with some faith-based supporters. The policy for adult leaders remained in place until July 27, 2015.
Blue Is the Warmest Color – French film shown at the Cannes Film Festival that unanimously won the Palme d’Or from the official jury and the FIPRESCI (Federation of International Film Critics) Prize. It’s the first film to have the Palme d’Or awarded to both the
director and the lead actresses. The two actresses join director Jane Campion as the only women to have won the award. The film is a coming-of-age romantic drama that revolves around a French teenager who discovers desire and freedom when a blue-haired aspiring painter enter her life. The film stars Lea Seydoux and Adele Exarchopoulos and was directed by Abdellatif Kechiche.
Pride – British film released at the Cannes Film Festival.
The film is based on a true story of a group of lesbian and gay activist who raised money to help families affected by the British miners’ strike in 1984.
The film, written by Stephen Beresford and directed by Matthew Warchus, won the Queer Palm award.
05-23-2015 Ireland voted overwhelmingly to legalize gay marriage in the world’s first national vote on the issue. Ireland is the first country in the
world to put marriage equality in their constitution and did so by popular mandate. Ireland is now a beacon of light to the rest of the world for liberty and equality for all.
May 23, 2019 — Today in LGBT History – MAY 23. 1791, France – France creates a new law system where rape is the only punishable sex crime.
Today in LGBT History – May 23 – Ronni Sanlo Literaryhttps://ronnisanlo.com › …Today in LGBT History – May 23. 1791, France – France creates a new law system where rape is the only punishable sex crime. Sodomy, a former capital offense …
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
To Each Decade it’s Age of Understanding, do not under consider differing geographies, nor the heterosexual clash of cultures – in particular – do not read backwards the words of humans now to earlier ages, to each own expression in culture and under legal conditions; and to all biology applies, regardless of what humans think is understood, rather than told, the why and when.
Sex the act of; is central to religion, war – who gets to what to who- vs which has had a no.
Understood as noting to be debated, quibbled nor negotiated.
Both in personal lives, in public and the workplaces, which were gender divided owing to sexual roles, across cultures and times.
music and movie information from my previous blog
where I note, The Last Elvis Secret given what the Memphis Mafia wrote about Presley Parties, the only thing not officially and rarely luridly written about was the balance of probability Elvis Presley was bisexual, and was described by heterosexual men as being so attractive as to raise a question – including Jerry Reed, writer and performer. And given Larry Geller’s descriptions of being accused by other Memphis Mafia members of being gay with Elvis during the private hair cut sessions -rather makes it seem the Memphis Mafia were jealous, and with Larry having to point out that were they admitting Elvis was bisexual?
As if Geller, a Hollywood hairdress would have a problem and his challenge back to those accusers was were they admitting Elvis was bisexual with the accusation? the last Elvis secret, along with the suicide note left in 1977, all swore to not reveal.
And each Memphis Mafia Member book was all about the orgies and parties Elvis made them attend, as if that was not why they were his friends acquired over time, to Red West, who saved Elvis from high school bathroom beatings and haircuts.
from my original blog:
With the new theatric Biopic that will reveal Elvis’ self harm in both diet and injuries as a pretense to get cancer level drugs from doctors and dentists and anyone who would administer anything, including an induced week long coma for weight loss in Vegas, known to any Elvis fan who read:
the Darkest Elvis Secret was said by his StepMom on National USA tv. That one can be famous and rich and be depressed, connects to why western nations have the highest suicide rates: direct/obvious and passive. In 2017 it was revealed Elvis Presley left a suicide note, and that was why the life insurance policy was never cashed.
It is important to note that the majority of sexual predators and murderers are males who victimize: pick the most inclusive or the most diverse statement of victim categories:
A) women and other men
B) men and women
C) heterosexual men, heterosexual women and LGBTQ2
D) heterosexual men, heterosexual women, gay/bisexual men, bisexual women, lesbians and NB/Transpersons
now factor in how to phrase that sentence and include 1 ethnicity 2 disability – physical of body and/or of the brain and persons without religion/spirituality
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.
the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.
There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.
Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.
the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.