BCE to The Suffragettes
529, Italy – Emperor Justinian I re-wrote Roman Law, making it distinctly Christian and states that all same-sex acts are contrary to nature and punishable by death.
1837, Denmark – The Little Mermaid was written by Hans Christian Andersen (2 April 1805 – 4 August 1875) as a love letter to Edvard Collin (1808-1896).
04-07-1872 – 07-13-1952 Marie Equi – Born in New Bedford, Massachusetts. She was an early American medical doctor that was devoted to caring for the working-class and the
poor. She had no qualms about providing birth control information and abortions when it was illegal. Equi was also a political activist and advocated civic and economic reforms, including women’s right to vote and an eight-hour workday. Equi was a lesbian and was with Harriet Frances Speckart (Feb. 22, 1883) for more than a decade. They also adopted and raised child together. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Equi joined a group of doctors and nurses to provide medical care to those injured in the disaster, earning her a commendation from the United States Army. In 1918, Equi was sentenced to three years in prison for speaking against U.S. involvement in WWI. She was the only known lesbian and radical to be incarcerated at San Quentin State Prison. President Wilson commuted her sentence to one year and a day. She served ten months, being released early for good behavior. Equi died in 1952 at the age of 80. Her activist friend, Julia Ruuttila, described her as “a woman of passion and conviction (and) a real friend of the have-nots of this world.” She is buried alongside Harriet Speckart in Portland, Oregon.
04-07-1889 – 01-10-1957 Gabriela Mistral (b. Lucila Godoy Alcayaga) – Born in Vicuña, Chile. She was a Chilean poet, diplomat, and educator. In 1945, she became the first Latin American author to receive a Nobel
Prize in Literature, “for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of idealistic aspiration of the entire Latin American world.” It is only through letters written to her “companion” and executor, Doris Dana, that their relationship has come to light. The vast majority of the letters were written between 1948 and 1956. Doris Dana (1920 – 2006), had hidden the letters for almost fifty years. After Dana death in 2006, Dana’s niece donated them to the Chilean National Library. The letters reveal that the women had a romantic relationship, something both women denied. Mistral was also involved with Palma Guillén for about fifteen years. Mistral spent the last nine years of her life with Doris Dana. Gabriela Mistral often reminded Doris Dana, “I have only you in this world.” Note: Gabriela Mistral’s letters are available online at the National Library of Chile and courtesy of the Franciscan Order of Chile.
04-07-1891 – 02-14-1978 Martha May Eliot – Born in
Boston, Massachusetts. She was a highly recognized pediatrician and specialist in public heath, an assisted director of the World’s Health Organization, and an architect of New Deal and postwar programs for maternal and child health. She, along with researcher Edwards A. Park, established that dietary supplements with vitamin D could prevent and reverse the early onset of rickets. During undergraduate study at
Bryn Mawr College she met Ethel Collins Dunham, who became her life partner. The couple enrolled together at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 1914. From 1921 to 1935, she taught at Yale University’s department of pediatrics. Eliot was responsible for drafting most of the Social Security Act’s language dealing with maternal and child health. Eliot and Dunham had a 59 year relationship. (2nd photo is of the two women taken in 1915)
1907, France –Violette Leduc (7 April 1907 – 28 May 1972) was born in Arras Pas de Calais. She continually went after gay men. One of them, Maurice Sachs told her to write just to get rid of her. She did. Her book “Le Batarde” was the story of her upbringing as an illegitimate child which she blamed on the sexuality of her mother. She once told a friend she wanted to wear a tight body stocking to hold in her breasts and then attach a “strap on” in order to bed gay writer Jean Genet. In 1968 Radley Metzger made a film of Leduc’s novel Thérèse and Isabelle. The film was a commercial feature about adolescent lesbian love, starring Essy Persson and Anna Gael.
04-07-1907 – 05-28-1972 Violette Leduc – Born in Arras, Pas-de-Calais, France. Leduc was a writer. She was
the illegitimate daughter of a servant girl, Berthe Leduc, and André Debaralle, the son of a rich protestant family, who refused to recognize her. After WWI, she was sent to a boarding school where she experienced a lesbian affair with her classmate “Isabelle,” which she later adapted into a novel, Thérèse and Isabelle. In 1968, Radley Metzger made the film based on her novel. In 1925, Leduc had an affair with her music teacher, Denise Hertgès. Their affair was discovered and Hertgès was fired. Leduc and Hertgès lived together in Paris for nine years. Published in 1964, Leduc’s best known book is her memoir, La Bâtarde. It became a best seller. At the age of 65 she died of breast cancer.
04-07-1912 – 10-24-2002 Henry “Harry” Hay, Jr. – Born in Worthing,
Sussex, England to an upper middle class family. Hay was raised in Chile and California. He was a prominent American gay rights activist, labor advocate, and Native American civil rights campaigner. Co-founder of the Mattachine Society in 1950, it was the first enduring LGBT rights organization in the United States. Hay remained involved in an array of activist causes throughout his life, and became a well-known elder statesman within the country’s gay community. Hay has been described as “the father of gay liberation,” and has been the subject of biography and documentary film.
04-07-1915 – 07-17-1959 Billie Holiday – Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was an American jazz singer and songwriter. Starting off her career in Harlem nightclubs, Billie
soon became popular and began recording with pianist Teddy Wilson and his band. Also known as “Lady Day,” Holiday is remembered for her work with saxophonist Lester Young and her recordings Strange Fruit and God Bless the Child. In life, she faced many personal tragedies. She had a drug addiction and was also an alcoholic. She served time in prison and had a number of lesbian relationships while incarcerated. Throughout her career, Holiday was openly bisexual and was rumored to have dated a notable amount of stage and film actresses, including Tallulah Bankhead. She died of from pulmonary edema and heart failure caused by cirrhosis of the liver.
1916 – Oreste Francesco Pucciani (April 7, 1916 – April 28, 1999) was a pioneer teacher of Jean-Paul Sartre‘s philosophy at UCLA. He was the last partner of Rudi Gernreich (August 8, 1922 – April 21, 1985), fashion designer, and at the latter’s death, established the ACLU Rudi Gernreich-Oreste Pucciani Endowment Fund to support the fight for LGBT rights.
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
April 7 1949
The musical “South Pacific” by Rodgers and Hammerstein debuted on Broadway.
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
04-07-1951 Janis Ian – Born in The Bronx, New York City, New York. She is an American songwriter. singer, musician, columnist, and science fiction
author. In the mid-sixties, while still a teenage, she entered the folk music scene. Janis has continued to record into the 21st century and has won two Grammy Awards, the first in 1975 for her song At Seventeen, and the second in 2013 for Best Spoken Word Album, for her autobiography, Society’s Child (nearly 40 years later). At the age of 13, Ian wrote and sang her first hit single, Society’s Child (Baby, I’ve Been Thinking). In 1989 she met Patricia Snyder. She came out as a lesbian in 1993 with the worldwide release of her album Breaking Silence. Snyder and Ian married in Toronto on August 27, 2003. Janis Ian founded the Pearl Foundation (named after her mother). It’s dedicated to helping adults further their education.
Little Richard‘s “Long Tall Sally” enters the US Pop chart, where it would climb to #6. The record would top the R&B chart and became the first of his three US Top 10 hits. A cover version by Pat Boone appeared on the Pop chart simultaneously and reached #8.
LGBTQ@ Blogger Nina Notes: Gay Little Richard singing about sex vs Christian Pat Boone singing words he is unclear on, almost as bad as his Tutti Frutti cover
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
“Shindig!” on ABC-TV featured Tina Turner, Marvin Gaye, Glen Campbell, the Righteous Brothers, and then closeted lesbian: Lesley Gore.
1966 – The first Gay Community Center in the United States opens. It is located in San Francisco.
Sonny & Cher‘s movie “Good Times” debuted in Chicago, IL.
04-07-1968 R. Zamora Linmark – Born in Manila, he is a Filipino
American poet, novelist, and playwright. He is the recipient of a Japan-United States Friendship Commission, a winner of a National Endowment for the Arts creative writing fellowship in poetry (2001), and was a Fulbright Foundation Senior Lecture/Researcher in the Philippines (2005-2006). He is out gay.
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
1970: Midnight Cowboy wins the Oscar for Best Picture, becoming the first (and only) X-rated film to do so. It is also the first major Hollywood film to feature an onscreen sexual encounter between two men. The film’s director, John Schlesinger, also gay, wins for Best Director.
1974 – Pacific Center for Human Growth is founded in Oakland in response to brutal gay bashing in Berkeley.
1976: Civil rights crusader and U.S. Congresswoman Barbara Jordan (D-Texas) upsets gay supporters when she publicly refuses to co-sponsor federal gay rights legislation. “That’s the very thing I can’t do. I do not feel that politically I can do that.” She says she is afraid she will lose voters’ support if she becomes associated with gay rights. On a radio talk show appearance earlier, Jordan was angered over comparisons between gay rights and the black civil rights struggle of the Sixties. “There is no way, that I can equate discrimination on the basis of sexual preference with discrimination on the basis of skin color.”
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
Wham! became the first western pop group to perform live in China, when they played at the workers gymnasium in Beijing. Several solo performers had played China before.
Prince ended his 32-city tour in Miami, FL, and said that he was withdrawing from live performances for “an indeterminate number of years.” He later returned to live performing.
90s: Listserves and Email distribution replaces telephone trees for activism
At the Hoosier Dome in Indianapolis, Farm Aid IV performers included Garth Brooks, Bill Monroe, Carl Perkins, Alan Jackson, Bonnie Raitt, Asleep at the Wheel, Arlo Guthrie, John Hiatt, and John Denver. Elton John sang “Candle in the Wind” for Ryan White, a boy with AIDS who died a day later.
1997 – Musician George Michael comes out.
1998 – George Michael (25 June 1963 – 25 December 2016) is arrested for lewd behavior in a Beverly Hills park men’s room; he publicly comes out 3 days later.
George Michael was arrested at The Will Rogers Memorial Park for committing a sex act in a public toilet. He was arrested by undercover Beverly Hills police officer Marcelo Rodriguez. Michael later said; “I was followed into the restroom and this cop – well, I didn’t know he was a cop at the time obviously started playing this game. I think it’s called – I’ll show you mine, you show me yours, and then when you show me yours, I’m gonna nick you!” The singer was later fined $810 (£500) after being convicted of a “lewd act.”
He was an English singer, songwriter, record producer, and philanthropist who rose to fame as a member of the music duo Wham! He was best known for his work in the 1980s and 1990s, including hit singles such as “Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go” and “Last Christmas“, and solo albums such as Faith (1987) and Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1 (1990).
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
Oct 24, 2002 — lgbt–history-archive: “Harry Hay (April 7, 1912 – October 24, 2002), c. 1995. Photo © Bud Schultz. . Harry Hay, who was born one hundred and …
Olivia Newton-John began a 21-day, 141-mile walk along the entire length of the Great Wall of China to raise funds for breast cancer research.
2009: The Vermont Legislature votes to override Gov. Jim Douglas’s veto of a bill allowing gays and lesbians to marry, legalizing same-sex marriage. It is the first state to legalize gay marriage through the legislature; the courts of the other states in which the marriage is legal—Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Iowa—gave approval.
2009: New York City officials announced that the Stonewall Riots of 1969 will be featured in an official city tourism campaign capitalizing on the 40th anniversary of the uprising in June 2009, and promoting the city as a gay and lesbian tourist destination.
Singer Whitney Houston was released from a Paris hospital after suffering a respiratory infection. She called media reports that she was using drugs again “ridiculous.”
Human Rights in global conflict: Trans/Pans vs LGB/ vs Heterosexual women
2011: The Arkansas Supreme Court upholds a 2010 lower court ruling that a 2008 voter-approved ban on adoption by unmarried cohabiting couples is unconstitutional.
“Seven percent of Americans believe that Elvis Presley is still alive, even though the singer died in 1977.
2012: Kate McKinnon, formerly of The Big Gay Sketch Show, joins the cast of Saturday Night Live as the first openly lesbian member of the show (following in the footsteps of other gay SNL cast members Terry Sweeney and Danitra Vance)
2013, South Africa – First traditional African legal same-sex wedding. Tshepoi Cameron Modisane and Thoba Calvin Sithole marry in the town of KwaDukuza.
04-07-2016 Marriage equality becomes the law in Columbia. On this day, Columbia’s Constitutional Court voted in favor of legal marriage equality in a 6-3 decision. Columbia becomes the fourth Latin American nation to have marriage equality.
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
To Each Decade it’s Age of Understanding, do not under consider differing geographies, nor the heterosexual clash of cultures – in particular – do not read backwards the words of humans now to earlier ages, to each own expression in culture and under legal conditions; and to all biology applies, regardless of what humans think is understood, rather than told, the why and when.
Sex the act of; is central to religion, war – who gets to what to who- vs which has had a no.
Understood as noting to be debated, quibbled nor negotiated.
Both in personal lives, in public and the workplaces, which were gender divided owing to sexual roles, across cultures and times.
music and movie information from my previous blog
where I note, The Last Elvis Secret given what the Memphis Mafia wrote about Presley Parties, the only thing not officially and rarely luridly written about was the balance of probability Elvis Presley was bisexual, and was described by heterosexual men as being so attractive as to raise a question – including Jerry Reed, writer and performer. And given Larry Geller’s descriptions of being accused by other Memphis Mafia members of being gay with Elvis during the private hair cut sessions -rather makes it seem the Memphis Mafia were jealous, and Larry having to point out that were they admitting Elvis was bisexual? As if Geller, a Hollywood hairdress would have a problem.
With Elvis’ self harm in both diet and injuries as a pretense to get drugs from doctors and dentists and anyone who would administer anything, including an induced coma for weight loss: the Darkest Elvis Secret was said by his StepMom on National USA tv. That one can be famous and rich and be depressed, connects to why western nations have the highest suicide rates: direct/obvious and passive. In 2017 it was revealed Elvis Presley left a suicide note, and that was why the life insurance policy was never cashed.
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.
the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.
There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.
Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.
the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.