BCE to The Suffragettes
France – Napoleonic Code went into effect, one of the earliest codes to permit same-sex activity
03-01-1810 – 10-17-1849 Frédéric Chopin – Born in Żelazowa Wola in the Duchy of Warsaw, Poland. He was a child prodigy and completed his musical education and composed his early work in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20. At 21, he settled in Paris, France. All of Chopin’s compositions include the piano. According to The Guardian, Swiss music journalist Moritz Weber who had been researching letters written by Chopin discovered a “flood of declarations of love aimed at men.” Weber also stated that some of the composer’s writing was intentionally mistranslated. In one letter, Chopin
said that rumors about his love affairs were a “cloak for hidden feelings,” and his writing also hints at an interest in “cottaging,” or looking for sex in public toilets. In one letter to a male school friend, he wrote: “You don’t like being kissed. Please allow me to do so today. You have to pay for the dirty dream I had about you last night.” Twenty-two letters on record from Chopin to his friend, Tytus Woyciechowski often began with “my dearest life” and was signed off: “Give me a kiss, dearest lover.” In an 1829 letter to Woyciechowski, Chopin wrote: “My ideal, whom I faithfully serve, […] about whom I dream.” A translation of the letters published by the Fryderyk Chopin Institute in Warsaw, Poland, describes the “ideal” as a woman, despite the original letter using the masculine version of the Polish noun. A spokesperson from the institute spoke on a radio show and admitted that there was no actual proof that Chopin had had relationships with women, only rumors and accounts from family members. In another letter to Woyciechowski, Chopin wrote: “I confide in the piano the things that I sometimes want to say to you.” Weber added: “The fact that Chopin had to hide part of his identity for a long time, as he himself writes in his letters, would have left a mark on his personality and his art. Music allowed him to express himself fully because piano music has the advantage of not containing any words.”
In St. Louis, electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gave the first public demonstration of radio.
03-01-1893 – 05-09-1968 Mercedes de Acosta – Born in New York City, New York. She was an American poet, novelist, and playwright. Four of de Acosta’s plays were produced. She also published a novel and three volumes of poetry. De Acosta is known for
her many lesbian affairs with famous Broadway and Hollywood personalities, and numerous friendships with prominent artists of the period. She never hid her sexuality, which was rare for her generation. In 1916 she began an affair with actress Alla Nazimova and later with dancer Isadora Duncan. She had a five-year relationship with actress Eva Le Gallienne. Over the next decades she was involved with several famous actresses and dancers, including Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Ona Munson, and Russian ballerina Tamara Platonovna Karsavina. She was rumored to have affairs with Pola Negri, Eleonora Duse, Katharine Cornell, and Alice B. Toklas. She was an advocate for women’s rights. She also became a vegetarian and refused to wear furs. When asked about religion, de Acosta said if she had to be anything, she would be a Buddhist. She was raised Catholic.
03-01-1880 – 01-21-1932 Lytton Strachey – Born in London, England. He was an English writer and critic. Strachey was a founding member of the Bloomsbury Group. His first great success was Eminent Victorians (1918), a collection of four short biographies of Victorian heroes. This was followed by a biography of Queen Victoria (1921). Strachey spoke openly about being gay with his Bloomsbury friends and had relationships with a variety of men, including Bloomsbury member Ralph Partridge. Details of his sexuality became more widely known after the publication of a biography by Michael Holroyd in the late 1960s. Strachey died in 1932 from stomach cancer.
(Photo by Dora Carrington)
03-01-1899 – 08-10-1958 Oliver Baldwin, 2nd Earl Baldwin of Bewdley – Born in Astley Hall, Malvern Hills District, United Kingdom. He was a
Liberal politician. Baldwin was openly gay and was supported by his family but publicly he was closeted. Baldwin had a long term relationship with John Boyle, described as a “charming ne’er-do-well” in The New Statesman. He served in the House of Commons until he became the Earl Baldwin of Bewdley. He then was forced to leave the Commons and take his seat in the House of Lords. Homosexuality was still illegal and later in 1947, presumably to give him a dignified exit from politics, he was appointed Governor of the Leeward Islands (a group of islands in the West Indies). He created a minor scandal by taking John Boyle with him.
03-01-1915 – 09-23-1994 David Wolfe – born in New York City, New York. He was an American film actor from 1949 to 1954. His film credits include,
Bagdad (1949), Prisoners in Petticoats (1950), and Smuggler’s Island (1951). After his acting career, he was the romantic partner of Broadway showman Tommy Tune. He was with Tommy Tune for 10 years and died of AIDS in 1994.
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
Nashville’s W47NV, the world’s first commercial FM radio station, began broadcasting. The station, renamed WSM-FM, operated for about 10 years until the owners realized that its commercial potential was lacking since few area households had FM radio receivers. In 1951 they returned the license to the FCC.
According to a report in Downbeat magazine, Glenn Miller’s latest radio contract with his sponsor, Chesterfield Cigarettes, was worth almost $5,000 per week. (in 2018 dollars: $84,308.50)
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
March 1, 1954
The U.S. announced it had tested a hydrogen bomb on the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
Johnny Mathis released the album “Johnny’s Greatest Hits.”
The album made its debut on the Best Selling Pop LPs chart in the issue of The Billboard dated April 14, 1958, and eventually spent three weeks at number one. It had its last appearance there over 10 years later, in the July 20, 1968, issue, which marked its 490th non-consecutive week there, a record for the most weeks on the magazine’s list of the most popular pop albums in the US that it held for 15 years until Pink Floyd‘s The Dark Side of the Moon reached 491 weeks there in the issue dated October 29, 1983.Johnny’s Greatest Hits received gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of America for sales of 500,000 copies in June 1959, and Platinum certification for reaching the one million mark was awarded on November 1, 1999.
Johnny’s Greatest Hits – Wikipedia
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
South Africa – International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. In Sharpeville, South Africa on March 21, 1960, police killed 69 people who were demonstrating peacefully against the apartheid ‘pass laws.’ In 1966, the day was officially designated by the United Nations as a marker of efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination.
03-01-1960 Art Smith – Born in Jasper, Florida. He is an American chef who worked for former Florida governors Bob Graham and Jeb Bush and
was personal chef to Oprah Winfrey until 2007. Smith has authored three award-winning cookbooks. His latest cookbook, published in 2013, focuses on healthy cooking and healthy living. Smith lives in Jasper, Florida with his husband, Jesus Salgueiro, an artist. After being together for ten years, they married at the Lincoln Memorial in 2011. As of 2018, the couple have adopted five children. They also donate their time to many causes, including children’s cooking classes and humanitarian aid.
South Africa – Abdurrazack “Zackie” Achmat (born 21 March 1962) is a South African activist and film director. He is a co-founder the Treatment Action Campaign and known worldwide for his activism on behalf of people living with HIV and AIDS in South Africa. He currently serves as Board member and Co-director of Ndifuna Ukwazi (Dare to Know), an organisation which aims to build and support social justice organisations and leaders, and is the Chairperson of Equal Education. Achmat co-founded the National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality in 1994, and as its director he ensured protections for gays and lesbians in the new South African Constitution, and facilitated the prosecution of cases that led to the decriminalisation of sodomy and granting of equal status to same-sex partners in the immigration process. Achmat was diagnosed HIV-positive in 1990. In 2005 he suffered a heart attack, which his doctor said was unlikely to be caused by his HIV-positive status or treatment. He recovered sufficiently to return to his activism work. On 5 January 2008, Achmat married his same-sex partner and fellow activist Dalli Weyers at a ceremony in the Cape Town suburb of Lakeside. The ceremony was attended by then Mayor Helen Zille and presided over by Supreme Court of Appeal Judge Edwin Cameron. The couple divorced amicably in June 2011.
1962 – Rosie O’Donnell (born March 21, 1962)) is born. She is an American comedian, actress, author, and television personality. She has been a magazine editor and continues to be a celebrity blogger, a lesbian rights activist, a television producer, and a collaborative partner in the LGBT family vacation company, R Family Vacations.
03-01-1963 Bryan Batt – Born in New Orleans, Louisiana. He is an American actor best known for his role in the AMC series Mad Men. Primarily a theater
actor, he has had a number of roles in movies and television as well. In 2005, Batt told Playbill that he used to worry about the effect of coming out had on his career: “When I played the lead in Sunset Blvd., the movie Jeffrey, where I played a gay role, [I] was coming out, and I was petrified. Back then, every agent told you that if you want to play a straight role, you don’t come out. This was before Ellen [DeGeneres] came out. But now I couldn’t give a rat’s ass. It’s normal to be gay.” Batt lives with his partner, Tom Cianfichi, an event planner. They have been together more than 21 years.
03-01-1966 Don Lemon – Born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He is a CNN reporter and news anchor, best known as the host of the prime-time CNN Newsroom, based in New York. He currently is the co-host of CNN Tonight. In his memoir, Transparent, Lemon came out as gay and discusses colorism, (term coined by Alice Walker in 1982 based on skin color alone), in the black community, and the sexual abuse he suffered as a child. It was not until he was thirty that he told his mother of the sexual abuse he suffered as a child.
03-01-1967 Michael Mronz – Born in Cologne, Germany. He is a German sports and events manager. In 1989, Mronz organized his first tennis
tournament, now called the Cologne Open. In 2006, he was Head of the Organizing Committee of the World Equestrian Games, the second largest sporting event in Germany. He is also Chairman of the relief organization “A heart for children.” Mronz was life-partner of former German Foreign Minister, Guido Westerwelle. The couple entered into a registered civil partnership in 2010. In 2016, Westerwelle died of leukemia.
March 1, 1968
Elton John’s first single “I’ve Been Loving You” was released in the UK. by Philips Records. It failed to chart and the label would drop him the following year.
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
03-01-1971 Thomas Adès – Born in London. England. He is a British composer, pianist, and conductor. In 2006, he entered a civil partnership with Israeli filmmaker,
Tal Rosner. Their civil union was later terminated. He was made Britten Professor of Composition at the Royal Academy of Music. In 2010, he was appointed foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. On October 8, 2015, Adès was elected into the Board of Directors of the European Academy of Music Theatre. He is openly gay.
Queen began their first tour as a headline act in England at the Winter Gardens in Blackpool.
Olivia Newton-John won the prestigious Record of the Year for “I Honestly Love You” at the Grammy Awards and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
and was 2 on the USa charts Olivia Newton-John was back with “Have You Never Been Mellow”
Best R&B Vocal Performance: Aretha Franklin with “Ain’t Nothing Like the Real Thing”
Canada – Former jockey John Damien (1933 – 1986) sues Ontario Racing Commission and individuals involved in his firing as a racing steward. Damien’s suit, filed in Ontario Supreme Court, alleged he was fired because he was gay. In 1986, the first legal action, a suit of wrongful dismissal against the Commission, was settled in Damien’s favour; he was awarded one year’s wages plus interest, a total of about $50,000. By this time Damien was in poor health, and he died of pancreatic cancer.
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
Blondie scored their third career #1 in the U.K. with “Atomic”
Anne Murray’s remake of the Monkees’ classic “I’m A Believer” rose to #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart. It was Anne’s eighth career #1 in the genre.
“Crazy Little Thing Called Love” from Queen remained at #1
Canada – Three judges of the Divisional Court order fired gay Ontario Provincial Police officer Paul Head reinstated as member in good standing of force. Head was fired with the force discovered he was gay. OPP appealed the decision.
Mr. Mister hit #1 with “Kyrie”, knocking off Whitney Houston’s “How Will I Know”.
Newcomers Mr. Mister achieved a great feat when Welcome to the Real World reached #1 on the Album chart. Promise from Sade was still a strong second while the debut from Whitney Houston amazingly was now heading back up after 49 weeks. Barbra Streisand’s former #1 The Broadway Album was fourth
1987, Finland – Pekka Haavisto (born 23 March 1958), the first openly gay member of parliament, takes office. He is a Finnish politician and minister representing the Green League. He returned to the Finnish Parliament in the Finnish parliamentary election of March 2007 after an absence of 12 years and was re-elected again in 2011. In October 2013 he was appointed as the Minister for International Development after Heidi Hautala resigned from the job. He has also been a member of the Helsinki City Council.
03-01-1987 Kesha (born Kesha Rose Sebert) – Born in Los Angeles,
California. She is an American singer, songwriter, and rapper. Her debut album, Animal, in 2010 became the number one album in the United States. Her single, Tik Tok, is among the best selling digital singles in history, selling over 14 million internationally. As of November 2013, she has sold over 33 million records (albums, tracks and ringtones) in the United States and 60 million records worldwide. She considers herself primarily a songwriter and has written for other artists, including Britney Spears and Miley Cyrus. Kesha was named the first global ambassador for animal rights by the Humane Society of the United States. In 2013, she talked about her sexual orientation with Seventeen magazine, saying, “I don’t love just men. I love people. It’s not about gender.” In 2010, she made a similar statement to Out magazine. She is bisexual.
90s: Listserves and Email distribution replaces telephone trees for activism
Madonna’s ‘Rescue Me’, entered the US hot 100 at No.15, making her the highest- debuting female artist in rock history. The record had been held by Joy Llayne whose 1957 single ‘Your Wild Heart’, entered the chart at No. 30.
Frank Smith from Air Supply died of pneumonia at the age of 42 in Melbourne, Australia.
Whitney Houston was also a big winner with three Grammys: Record of the Year, and Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female for “I Will Always Love You”; and Album of the Year for The Bodyguard.
Tom Hanks wins best actor Oscar for Philadelphia. The film was one of the first mainstream Hollywood films to acknowledge HIV/AIDS, homosexuality, and homophobia. It was written by Ron Nyswaner, directed by Jonathan Demme and stars Tom Hanks and Denzel Washington.
The U.S. Stock Exchange began issuing Bowie Bonds, asset-backed securities of current and future revenues of the 25 albums that David Bowie recorded before 1990. With money earned on the bonds via interest from royalties, investors were led to expect almost 8% profit after 10 years. In 2004, Moody’s Investors Service lowered the bonds to one notch above junk status, prompted by lower-than-expected revenue.
Dusty Springfield died after a long battle against cancer, aged 59. The British singer had her first UK hit single in 1963 with ‘I Only Want To Be With You’, which reached No.4, the 1966 UK No.1 & US No.4 single with ‘You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me’ plus over 15 other UK Top 40 singles.
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
2000 – The remains of Steen Keith Fenrich (1981 – September 9, 1999) are discovered. The gay African-American teen was tortured and murdered by his white, homophobic, racist stepfather who committed suicide.
2001 – Asexual Visibility and Education Network (AVEN) founded by David Jay. AVEN hosts the world’s largest online asexual community as well as a large archive of resources on asexuality. AVEN strives to create open, honest discussion about asexuality among sexual and asexual people alike.
– First national Native AIDS Awareness Day. National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day is observed each year on the first day of Spring. This day is an opportunity for people across the United States to learn about HIV/AIDS, the need for HIV testing among Native Americans, and ways that everyone can help decrease the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS in their own communities.
Canada- An Ontario court ruled on Mar 1, 2007 in response to a class-action challenge to Ottawa’s policy of denying same-sex survivors benefits to people whose partners died before 1998.That date was set when Parliament passed legislation in 2000 that broadened benefit rights for same-sex couples. The court ruled that benefits will be retroactive to April 17, 1985, when equality rights in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms came into effect.
Human Rights in global conflict: Trans/Pans vs LGB/ vs Heterosexual women
On Justin Bieber‘s 18th birthday, he appears on The Ellen Degeneres Show, where his manager presents him with a Fisker Karma luxury electric car worth about $100,000.
More than 200 congressional Democrats are urging the Supreme Court to overturn a key provision of the federal law against gay marriage. The lawmakers filed a friend-of-the-court brief asking them to strike down Section 3 of DOMA.
Clint Eastwood & 131 Republicans sign a brief opposing Prop. 8, urging the Supreme Court to drop Prop. 8. Eastwood, a Republican with strong libertarian leanings has long been a supporter of same-sex marriage.
Colorado Civil Unions Bill passes House Committee with one Republican “Yes” vote.
I am endorsing Cynthia Nixon for Governor of New York. I am grateful that a participant citizen, with a history in public education activism, support for public employees, who boycotts Israeli settlement products and will therefore protect free speech rights of New Yorkers, and who supports the Arts, is stepping up to take down a corrupt governor who hates the City, degrades CUNY, and endorses apartheid. —Sarah Schulman
Elton John walked offstage during a gig at Ceasars Palace in Las Vegas after some fans who had gathered around his piano started touching him. After security ushered concert goers back to their seats, Sir Elton returned, grumbling, “No more coming onstage on ‘Saturday Night’. You fucked it up!”
Today in LGBT History by Ronni Sanlo
LGBTQ2 Blogger Nina Notes:
Most of the above is copied from one of the sites cited as sources in the daily post and as linked at the end of every post.
the history of nonheterosexuals and different historical eras views are such that there is a there is a danger to apply current decadish of time, in 2021 to past decades and centuries; particularly without application of complete history.
There is a difference between adopting male attire in the era when clothing was spelled out in law, and lesbians who passed in public, differ from those who only change clothing for personal sexual gratification, in private “cross dressors” in the language of this same era.
Laws regarding clothing exist in many nations, including capitol punishment, this is why sexual orientation is a demographic, That heterosexual women continue to be denied reproductive rights, education and professions, even where won at court; that women are a demographic. That male and female persons who are ethnically different from the majority population and with differing experiences being merged into colour blind visible minorities are differing demographics.
the farther back in time the given individual is, and why on this blog, there is a under theme of Elvis Presley, as the most prominent modern era person of the 1900s Current Era; who was photographed almost every day of his adult life., and who’s number of days on this planet have resulted in his being one of the most recognizable individuals across all cultures on the planet, which in 1950s was 1 billion people, and by his death almost 4 billion, to the 8 billion currently existing on earth.