BCE to The Suffragettes
12-22-1881 – 08-1972 Edith Lewis – Lincoln, Nebraska. She was a magazine editor at McClure’s Magazine, the managing editor of Every Week Magazine, and an advertising copywriter at J. Walter Thomspon Company. Lewis
graduated from Smith College in 1902. After graduation, she returned to Lincoln, Nebraska to teach. While in Lincoln, she met Willa Cather. She and Cather became lovers and lived in New York City together for almost 40 years. They also shared a summer cottage on the island of Grand Manan in New Brunswick, Canada. Lewis had a significant impact upon Willa Cather’s creative process. Lewis is buried beside Willa Cather in Jaffrey, New Hampshire. (Photo Edith Lewis, left, with Willa Cather in Jaffrey, New Hampshire, 1926 – from Special Collections, University of New Brunswick)
1934 – Wallace Henry Thurman (1902–Dec. 22, 1934), a black editor, critic, novelist, and playwright associated with the Harlem Renaissance, dies, in New York City. Thurman wrote a play, Harlem, which debuted on Broadway in 1929 to mixed reviews. The same year his first novel The Blacker the Berry: A Novel of Negro Life (1929) was published. The novel is now recognized as a groundbreaking work of fiction because of its focus on intra-racial prejudice and colorism within the black community, where lighter skin has historically been favored. Thurman married Louise Thompson on August 22, 1928. The marriage lasted only six months. Thompson said that Wallace was a homosexual and refused to admit it. Thurman died at the age of 32 from tuberculosis, which many suspect was exacerbated by his long fight with alcoholism.
1939 – Bisexual blues singer Ma Rainey (September 1882 or April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939) dies of heart disease at age 53. She was one of the earliest African-American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of blues singers to record. She was billed as the “Mother of the Blues”. Some of Rainey’s lyrics contain references to lesbianism or bisexuality, such as the 1928 song “Prove It on Me.”
12-22-1897 – 05-05-1988 Katharine Du Pre Lumpkin – Born in Macon, Georgia. She was born to a prominent Georgia family and as the daughter of a Confederate veteran, she was raised in the cultural mythologies of the “Lost Cause” and white supremacy. Lumpkin was a sociologist, teacher, and writer. Her autobiography, The Making of a Southerner (1947), is what she is best remembered for. She spent a her life studying and combating economic and racial oppression. According to author Jonathan Gould in his book, Otis Redding: An Unfinished Life, she was a closeted lesbian.
12-22-1900 – 11-03-1973 Marc Allégret – Born in Basel, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland. He was a French screenwriter, film director, and lover of French writer and Nobel Prize winner,
Andre Gide. After filming a 1927 trip to the Congo with Glide, he chose to pursue a career in the motion picture industry. His relationship with Glide ended after that trip, although they remained close friends until Glide’s death in 1951. He is noted for discovering new talent including: Jean-Paul Belmondo, Louis Jourdan, and Roger Vadim, who became his directing assistant. Allegret wrote numerous scripts and directed more than fifty films.
The Friends of Dorothy Era and The Hayes Code
12-22-1943 David Parks – Born in Boston, Massachusetts. He is an American politician. A Democrat, he is a
member of the Nevada Senate. Parks was elected to the State Senate in November 2008. Prior to 2008, he had served in the Nevada Assembly since 1996. He was the first openly gay member of the Nevada Legislature. He served in the Air Force between 1967 and 1971.
12-22-1946 – 12-13-1986 Kuwasi Balagoon (born Donald Weems) – Born in the United States, place unknown. He was a Black Panther and a member of the Black Liberation Army. Arrested and convicted of various crimes, he
spent most of his life in prison. He authored several texts while in prison, writings that have become influential among black and other anarchists . He was bisexual. He died in prison of an AIDS-related illness.
12-22-1947 Margaret L. McIntosh – Born in Quinter, Kansas. She is an American politician from the state of Maryland. She has been a
member of the House of Delegates since November 1992. McIntosh is the only woman to serve as Maryland’s House Majority Leader. She is also the first gay person to serve in the Maryland General Assembly. McIntosh was also co-sponsor of Marriage Equality legislation.
1950s The Decade the public learned heterosexual women wanted sex
The Civil Rights 60s: When the Boomers were under 30
12-22-1960 – 08-12-1988 Jean-Michel Basquiat – Born in Brooklyn, New York City, New York. He was an African-American artist, musician,
and producer. His Neo-expressionist and Primitivist paintings were exhibited internationally in the 1980s. In 1992, the Whitney Museum of American Art held a retrospective of his art. In 1984 and 1985 he collaborated with Andy Warhol. He was known to be bisexual. His first sexual encounters were gay, and as a teenager he often worked as a gay street hustler. He died of a heroin overdose at the age of 27s
1964 – Dr. Harry Benjamin testifies at a meeting of the New York Health Department to urge that transsexuals should be allowed to have new birth certificates issued reflecting their gender preference. His recommendations were rejected
Feminist, Gay Liberation and Lesbian Separatists: Civil Rights
1970 – The San Francisco Free Press prints Carl Wittman’s (February 23, 1943 – January 22, 1986) Refugees from Amerika: A Gay Manifesto. Reprinted and distributed all across the country in the next year, it quickly becomes the bible of Gay Liberation. He was a member of the national council of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and later an activist for LGBT rights. He co-authored “An Interracial Movement of the Poor?” (1963) with Tom Hayden and wrote “A Gay Manifesto” (1970). Wittman declined hospital treatment for AIDS and committed suicide by drug overdose at home in North Carolina.
The Genderfuck Apathetics vs Yuppies : Aids the new STD on the list
1986 – The “Gay/Lesbian Forum” airs on public access television in Charlotte, NC. Closet Busters produced the program.
90s: Listserves and Email distribution replaces telephone trees for activism
12-22-1992 Mélanie Henique – Born in Amiens, France. She is a French swimmer who won a bronze medal in the 50 meter butterfly at
the 2011 World Championships in Shanghai. In 2015, being openly lesbian, she was a victim of a homophobic attack in Amiens, suffering from a broken nose and forcing her to withdraw from the French Swimming Open. In 2016 she was one of 49 out LGBT athletes to participate in the 2016 Summer Olympics at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
1999-The Daytona Ohio city commission rejected a proposal to protect gays and lesbians in housing and employment.
Post 9/11 – The Shock Decade From “gay and lesbian” to “lesbigay” to “Lgbt/Lgbtq/Lgbtq2”
2010 – President Obama signs the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.”
12-22-2011 Marissa Gaeta and Citlalic Snell, U.S. Navy Petty Officers, share first same-sex kiss at ship’s return. It was the first time on record that a same-sex couple was chosen to kiss first upon a ship’s return. Sailors and their loved ones bought $1 raffle tickets for the opportunity. Gaeta said she bought $50 of tickets, a figure that she said pales in comparison to the amounts that some other sailors and their loved ones had bought. The money was used to host a Christmas party for the children of sailors.
12-22-2015 Greece parliament voted to adopt a bill that legalizes civil unions for same-sex couples. The vote was conducted amid fierce debate between supporters on the legislation, including Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras’ Syria Party, and conservative parties opposing the vote. The legislation won 194 votes out of 300. Fifty-five members voted against it and 51 abstained. Same-sex couples will have the same taxation benefits and other public law rights. However, the bill does not allow same-sex couple to adopt children. The bill went into effect on December 24, 2015 and was published in the government gazette.
Human Rights in global conflict: Trans/Pans vs LGB/ vs Heterosexual women
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